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Table 1 Thematic clusters of characteristics of councils by animal management approach derived from raw data corresponding to characteristics

From: Establishing a framework to understand the regulation and control of dogs in urban environments: a case study of Melbourne, Australia

Predominance of an enforcement and compliance approach to animal management
 A. Suburban environment High interaction environment
High population of adults, children and dogs, but low density
Detached housing with backyards
High number of incidents with dogs (including dog attacks, barking complaints and impoundments)
 B. Family environment Families with young children
Home owners (rather than renters)
Relatively high assets (not necessarily high income)
 C. Dog ownership environment High density of dogs to humans
High rate of dog ownership
 D. Larger councils Larger councils by land area
Larger number of animal management officers
Predominance of an education and compliance approach to animal management
 E. Affluent environment High income
High proficiency in English
Relatively socioeconomically advantaged
 F. Dense environment High population density to land area
High density of dogs to land area
 G. Smaller councils Smaller councils by land area
Smaller number of animal management officers
 H. Mature environment Less families with young children
Less detached housing and fewer backyards
No predominant approach to animal management
 I. Multicultural environment High migrant population
Fewer dogs
Smaller councils by land area