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Table 2 Causes of death within 30 days

From: Treatment outcomes of spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma with hemorrhagic shock: a multicenter study

Treatment option No. of patients No. of patients who died Re-rupture or re-bleeding Hepatic failure Others P
Conservative treatment 35 32 21 9 2 0.211
TAE alone 21 7 2 4 1  
Emergency surgery 79 6 4 2 0  
Staged surgery 27 2 0 2 0  
Summary 162 47 27 17 3  
  1. TAE transcatheter arterial embolization