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Table 2 Comparison of basic gait parameters between elderly women and very elderly women

From: An exploratory investigation of changes in gait parameters with age in elderly Japanese women

Parameters Group 1 (elderly women) Group 2 (very elderly women) p value Effect size
Walking speed (m/min) 75.3 ± 10.0 68.8 ± 8.1 <0.05 0.71
Stride length (cm) 122.0 ± 11.5 112.5 ± 7.5 <0.01 0.97
Right step length (cm) 60.6 ± 5.9 55.8 ± 3.8 <0.01 0.97
Left step length (cm) 61.1 ± 5.9 56.1 ± 3.8 <0.01 1.01
Step length (cm) 60.9 ± 5.7 55.9 ± 3.6 <0.01 1.04
Difference between right and left step lengths (cm) 2.5 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.5 NS 0.31
Ratio of step length to height 0.40 ± 0.04 0.38 ± 0.03 NS 0.56
Ratio of step length to lower-limb length 0.88 ± 0.08 0.84 ± 0.08 NS 0.50
Cadence (steps/min) 123.6 ± 10.5 122.5 ± 8.7 NS 0.11
Walk ratio 0.50 ± 0.06 0.46 ± 0.03 <0.05 0.84
  1. All values are presented as mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise stated
  2. NS not significant