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Table 1 Age, gender autoantibody status at onset, SCP (pmol/l) and IDAA1C, as well as the parents’ answers regarding adherence to the gluten-free diet

From: Potential beneficial effects of a gluten-free diet in newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes: a pilot study

Patients Gender Age at onset (year) Autoantibodies
ICA/GAD/IA2/IAA/ZnT8A
p = positive
n = negative
Adherence to gluten-free diet (%) SCP at inclusion SCP 6 months SCP
12 months
IDAA1c 6 months IDAA1C
12 months
1 F 2 p/p/p/p/p 90 57 <10 <10 9.29
2 M 3 p/n/p/p/p 85 269 52 8.97 8.63
3 F 3 p/n/p/p/n 100 244 109 6.99 10.4
4 M 5 p/n/p/p/p 100 566 308 86 5.99 7.81
5 M 6 p/p/p/p/p 100 384 303 214 6.92 7.86
6 M 8 p/n/p/n/p 520 427 153a 8.06 9.68
7 M 8 p/p/p/n/p 100 917 211 83 8.72 8.74
8 M 11 p/p/p/p/n 90 543 364 308 9.14 10.7
9 M 12 p/n/p/p/p 100 599 137 12.3 13.3
10 M 12 n/n/n/n/n 50 569 298 10.0
11 F 12 p/n/p/n/n 100 844 818 401 12.9 9.71
12 M 12 p/n/p/p/p 100 781 586b 682 7.03 6.95
13 M 13 p/n/p/p/p 50 503 530 298 8.66 8.97
14 M 13 p/p/p/n/p 100 1360 1770 1210 7.90 7.00
15 F 16 p/p/p/n/n 90 1240 904 245 7.89 11.8
  1. The lowest value for adherence was chosen if the answers regarding adherence home and outside the home were different, in all cases the adherence outside home was lowest
  2. aThe pump was not stopped and there were 1.7 units of active insulin in the pump when boost was performed
  3. b1 unit of insulin was given 1 h prior to boost