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Table 2 Analysis of risk factors for nasal and throat colonization of MRSA in HIV positive individuals attending HIV care service in Northern Ethiopia, September 2014–February 2015

From: Prevalence and risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization among HIV patients in Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (%) MRSA colonization
No. (%)
Age in years
 1–9R 10 (4.0) 0 (0)
 10–19 19 (7.6) 0 (0)
 20–29 35 (14.1) 2 (5.7)
 30–39 103 (41.4) 3 (2.9)
 40–49 55 (22.1) 1 (1.8)
 50–59 17 (6.8) 0 (0)
 60–69 7 (2.8) 0 (0)
 70–79 3 (1.2) 0 (0)
Sex
 Female 174 (69.9) 6 (3.4)
 Male 75 (30.1) 0 (0)
Hospitalization in the past 6 months
 No 223 (89.6) 4 (1.8)
 Yes 26 (10.4) 2 (7.7)
Hospital visit in the past 12 months
 No 61 (24.5) 2 (3.3)
 Yes 188 (75.5) 4 (2.1)
Household member hospitalization in the past 1 year
 No 224 (90) 4 (1.8)
 Yes 25 (10) 2 (8.0)
Presence of percutaneous device in the past 1 year
 No 189 (75.9) 2 (1.1)
 Yes 60 (24.1) 4 (6.7)
Oral antibiotic usage in the past 3 months
 No 181 (72.7) 3 (1.7)
 Yes 68 (27.3) 3 (4.4)
Current use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
 No 161 (64.7) 2 (2.3)
 Yes 88 (35.3) 4 (2.5)
Most recent CD4 count
 <200 37 (14.9) 3 (8.1)
 200–500 109 (43.8) 1 (0.9)
 >500 103 (41.4) 2 (1.9)
  1. The percent (%) of MRSA colonization is the proportion of each category
  2. R reference category