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Table 2 Factors associated with pain

From: Prevalence and characteristics of chronic body pain in China: a national study

  Chronic pain
Adjusted OR
Sex
 Men Ref
 Women 1.57 (1.44–1.71)*
Age (years)
 18–25 Ref
 25–≤45 1.19 (1.04–1.36)*
 45–≤65 1.47 (1.26–1.73)*
Occupation
 Civil 0.87 (0.77–0.98)*
 Profession 1.13 (1.00–1.28)*
 Worker Ref
 Famer 0.98 (0.85–1.14)
 Business man/service 0.95 (0.82–1.09)
 Students 1.03 (0.88–1.20)
 Others 0.90 (0.78–1.04)
Education Ref
 Liberate/primary school 1.01 (0.91–1.12)
 High school 1.08 (0.96–1.20)
 College  
Area
 Jilin Ref
 Gansu 0.44 (0.39–0.49)*
 Sichuan 0.36 (0.32–0.41)*
 Jiangsu 0.25 (0.22–0.28)*
 Hubei 0.57 (0.51–0.64)*
 Beijing 0.56 (0.49–0.63)*
Marriage
 Single 0.94 (0.83–1.06)
 Married Ref
 Devoice/separate/widow 1.11 (0.90–1.37)
Smoking
 No Ref
 Yes 1.01 (0.91–1.11)
Drinking
 No Ref
 Yes 1.10 (1.00–1.20)*
Healthy
 Yes Ref
 No 1.94 (1.78–2.11)*