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Table 7 Comparison of 100 year failure probability (P f ) using response surface and MCS

From: A probabilistic bridge safety evaluation against floods

Approach Boundsa P f COV
MCS NA 2.32 × 10−1 0.033
RSM(150)b μ ± 3σ 2.32 × 10−1 0.01
RSM(80)b μ ± 2σ 2.41 × 10−1 0.02
  1. aLower and upper bounds for samples to generate the RSM
  2. bSample size