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Table 2 CSA and MVC changes

From: Impact of high versus low fixed loads and non-linear training loads on muscle hypertrophy, strength and force development

Group CSA (cm2) pre CSA (cm2) post ES MVC (Nm) pre MVC (Nm) post ES
H 9.7 ± 1.6 10.6 ± 1.5* 0.6 61.5 ± 6.5 77.8 ± 21.0* 1.1
M 10.3 ± 1.8 11.2 ± 1.9* 0.5 67.4 ± 15.0 75.3 ± 21.0 0.4
L 9.7 ± 1.1 10.7 ± 0.9* 0.9 68.4 ± 23.5 71.5 ± 15.3 0.15
  1. All values are mean ± SD. H: high load (80 % 1RM), L: low load (30 % 1RM), M: mixed (switch between 80 % and 30 % 1RM every 2 weeks)
  2. CSA cross-sectional area, MVC maximum voluntary contraction, RFD rate of force development, ES effect size
  3. * p < 0.05 versus pre