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Table 2 Overview of early complications (≤3 months) (pouch and non-pouch-related) by the Clavien–Dindo classification in 119 patients

From: The N-shaped orthotopic ileal neobladder: functional outcomes and complication rates in 119 patients

Clavien–Dindo score (CCS) Number of complications (%)
Major
 V 1 (0.8 %)
 IV
  a 0 (0 %)
  b 3 (2.5 %)
 III
  a 3 (2.5 %)
  b 8 (6.7 %)
Minor
 II 34 (28.6 %)
 I 20 (16.8 %)
Complication N (%) CCS Treatment
Early pouch-related complications
Major
 Urosepsis 3 (2.5 %) IVb Intensive care
 Ureteroneovesical stenosis 2 (1.7 %) IIIb Re-implantation (1×)
Transureteroureterostomy (1×)
 Enteroneovesical fistula 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Open surgery
 Neovesicocutaneus fistula 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Endoscopic examination
 Neobladder bleeding 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Endoscopic examination + Rinsing
 Mucus retention 1 (0.8 %) IIIa Endoscopic examination + Rising
Minor
 Urinary tract infection (pyelonephritis, pouchitis, fever after removal of single-J stents) 14 (11.8 %) II Antibiotics
 Clot retention 1 (0.8 %) II Rinsing + Antibiotics
 Mucus retention 2 (1.7 %) I Rinsing
 Urinoma 1 (0.8 %) I Prolonged drainage
Early non-pouch-related complications
Major
 Death (small bowel perforation resulting in septic shock and myocardial infarction) 1 (0.8 %) V Open surgery (laparotomy) + Intensive care
 Mesenterial bleeding 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Open surgery
 Evisceration 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Open surgery
 Textilloma 1 (0.8 %) IIIb Open surgery
 Peptic ulcer 1 (0.8 %) IIIa Gastroscopy
 Pneumothorax 1 (0.8 %) IIIa Chest drain
Minor
 Pneumonia 5 (4.2 %) II Antibiotics
 Catheter sepsis 4 (3.4 %) II Antibiotics
 Lung embolism 3 (2.5 %) II Low molecular weight heparin
 Ileus 2 (1.7 %) II Total parenteral nutrition (1×)
Jejunal catheter (1×)
 Fever (unknown origin) 1 (0.8 %) II Antibiotics
 Back pain 1 (0.8 %) II Epidural infiltration
 Acidosis 1 (0.8 %) II Intravenous bicarbonate
 Deep venous thrombosis 1 (0.8 %) II Low molecular weight heparin
 Wound abscess 1 (0.8 %) II Drainage + Antibiotics
 Wound problems (dehiscence, fat necrosis) 5 (4.2 %) I Vacuum therapy
 Ileus 5 (4.2 %) I Conservative
 Delirium 3 (2.5 %) I Oral medication
 Diarrhea 3 (2.5 %) I Conservative
 Catheter sepsis 1 (0.8 %) I Removal of deep venous catheter