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Table 3 Comparison of QCA full-adders in terms of gate count, area and latency

From: Design and implementation of an efficient single layer five input majority voter gate in quantum-dot cellular automata

Full adder Type of full adder Complexity (cells) Area (μm2) Latency (clock cycle)
FA [1] Coplanar QCA FA (Vetteth et al. 2002) 292 0.62 3.5
FA [2] Robust QCA FA (Kim et al. 2007) 220 0.36 3
FA [3] Coplanar QCA FA (Wang et al. 2003) 145 0.17 1.25
FA [4] Type-I QCA FA (Cho and Swartzlander 2007) 135 0.14 1.25
FA [5] Multilayer QCA FA (Zhang et al. 2005) 108 0.10 1
FA [6] The Robust QCA FA (Hänninen and Takala 2010) 102 0.10 2
FA [7] Type-II QCA FA (Cho 2006; Azghadi et al. 2007) 86 0.10 0.75
FA [8] Robust QCA FA (Hashemi et al. 2012) 79 0.05 1.25
FA [9] Multilayer QCA FA (Navi et al. 2010) 73 0.04 0.75
FA [10] Multilayer QCA FA (Qanbari and Sabbaghi-Nadooshan 2013) 63 0.05 0.75
  Proposed full adder 48 0.03 0.75