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Table 4 Descriptive statistics of input variables

From: Improving the prediction of going concern of Taiwanese listed companies using a hybrid of LASSO with data mining techniques

Variable N Mean SD Min Max
X4 Debt ratio 192 51.0965 21.6263 4.8700 101.9700
X6 Undistributed surplus 192 −346,749.52 2,210,187.98 −22,801,544.00 5,561,297.0000
X20 Total assets turnover 192 0.8593 0.6895 0.0300 4.8400
X22 Return on assets (ROA) 192 −0.0756 0.2762 −2.0997 0.3695