Skip to main content

Table 2 Distributions of level of psychological distress according to medical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients

From: Assessment of psychosocial factors and distress in women having adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer: the relationship among emotional distress and patient and treatment-related factors

Patient characteristics % (n) HAD total mean ± SE Treatment factors n (%) HAD total mean ± SE
Marital status    Current Treatment   
 Married 75.9 (79) 13.17 ± 7.87 Tamoxifen 47.1 (49) 13.65 ± 8.30
 Single 24 (25) 19.12 ± 10.47 Aromatase inhibitors (AI) 52.9 (55) 15.45 ± 9.37
   MWU = 704, p = 0.031    MWU = 1223, p = 0.417
Children    Duration of AET   
 One or More 82.7 (86) 14.36 ± 8.53 Between 1 and 24 months 49 (51) 16.01 ± 9.19
 None 17.3 (18) 15.77 ± 10.60 Between 25 and 58 months 51 (53) 13.24 ± 8.45
   MWU = 761, p = 0.911    MWU = 1073, p = 0.070
Education    Pathological tumor stage   
 Primary or secondary 33.7 (35) 18.68 ± 9.57 T1 40.4 (42) 15.40 ± 9.28
 High school 32.7 (34) 12.38 ± 7.23 T2 51 (53) 14.30 ± 8.83
 College or above 33.7 (35) 12.68 ± 8.43 T3 8.7 (9) 12.66 ± 7.77
   KW = 9.489, p = 0.009    KW = 0.589, p = 0.745
Body mass index    Histological grade   
 ≤24.99 31.7 (33) 12.48 ± 7.12 Grade I 11.5 (12) 12.91 ± 9.11
 25–29.9 40.4 (42) 14.33 ± 9.65 Grade II 49 (51) 15.60 ± 8.98
 ≥30 27.9 (29) 17.41 ± 9.08 Grade III 39.4 (41) 13.85 ± 8.77
   KW = 4.188, p = 0.123    KW = 1.750, p = 0.417
Menopausal status    Type of surgery   
 Pre-menopausal 46.2 (48) 13.50 ± 8.43 Mastectomy 56.7 (59) 14.66 ± 8.76
 Peri or post-menopausal 53.8 (56) 15.55 ± 9.23 Breast conserving surgery 43.3 (45) 14.53 ± 9.14
   MWU = 1194, p = 0.329    MWU = 1308, p = 0.901
Socioeconomic status    Radiotherapy   
 Low 17.3 (18) 16.05 ± 10.11 Yes/no 71.2 (74)/28.8 (30) 14.97 ± 8.97/13.70 ± 8.75
 Middle 70.2 (73) 14.24 ± 8.69    MWU = 1020, p = 0.520
 High 12.5 (13) 14.61 ± 8.73 Chemotherapy   
   KW = 0.512, p = 0.774 Yes/no 61.5 (64)/38.5 (40) 15.21 ± 9.02/13.62 ± 8.69
      MWU = 1129, p = 0.314
  1. MWU Mann–Whitney U, KW Kruskall Wallis