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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the whole sample (n = 2076)

From: Differences in technology innovation R&D performance creation behavior between for-profit institutions and not-for-profit institutions

Variable Name Type Unit and count (%) Mean SD CoefVar Median Max Skewness
R&D budget X1 Continuous (USD$ 106) 2.00 2.40 1.20 1.25 27.00 2.90
R&D period X2 Continuous (Years) 3.16 1.73 0.55 3.00 9.84 1.00
R&D workforce X3 Continuous (Man-Years) 20.66 20.34 0.98 15.00 119.00 1.85
Patent registration Y1 Continuous   2.00 4.47 2.24 0.00 39.00 4.04
Sales Y2 Continuous (USD$ 106) 2.82 13.28 4.71 0.00 142.32 7.36
New employment Y3 Continuous   3.41 11.60 3.40 0.00 115.00 6.03
Institution type T1 Multinomial        
La 365 (17.58 %)       
Ub 151 (7.27 %)       
Rc 288 (13.87 %)       
Sd 1272 (61.27 %)       
Total 2076 (100.00 %)       
R&D collaboration type T2 Multinomial        
Sge 207 (9.97 %)       
Csf 566 (27.26 %)       
Cdg 1303 (62.76 %)       
Total 2076 (100.00 %)       
Binary conversion of Y1 B1 Binary   0.44      
0 1171 (56.41 %)       
1 905 (43.59 %)       
Total 2076 (100.00 %)       
Binary conversion of Y2 B2 Binary   0.39      
0 1258 (60.60 %)       
1 818 (39.40 %)       
Total 2076 (100.00 %)       
Binary conversion of Y3 B3 Binary   0.27      
0 1516 (73.03 %)       
1 560 (26.97 %)       
Total 2076 (100.00 %)       
  1. a L large company
  2. b U University
  3. c R Research laboratory
  4. d S SME
  5. e Sg single institution R&D
  6. f Cs R&D collaboration with the same type institution
  7. g Cd R&D collaboration with the different type institution