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Table 1 Relative risk of CDI recurrence or CDI-related death: multivariate analysis

From: Recurrence and death after Clostridium difficile infection: gender-dependant influence of proton pump inhibitor therapy

  RR of CDI recurrence or CDI-related death 95 % confidence interval
PPI prescriptiona—women
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.62 0.33–1.22
PPI prescriptiona—men
 No 1.00  
 Yes 2.32 1.26–4.27
Sex
 Female 1.00  
 Male 0.51 0.28–0.94
Age
 <50 years 1.00  
 >50 years 1.53 0.68–3.44
Previous hospitalization
 No 1.00  
 Yes 1.71 0.98–2.97
Previous antibiotic therapy
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.95 0.59–1.52
Immunosupressive therapy
 No 1.00  
 Yes 0.32 0.15–0.68
Clinical form
 Diarrhea 1.00  
 Colitis 1.10 0.68–1.78
  1. aPre-existing PPI therapy more than 1 month before