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Table 2 Detail of different disturbances

From: Optimal design of proportional–integral controllers for stand-alone solid oxide fuel cell power plant using differential evolution algorithm

Type of disturbance Duration/Instants of applications Magnitude of disturbance
Step 5.0 s onwards 30 A
Pulse 5–15 s 30 A
Staircase 5–15 s 30 A
15–25 s 40 A
25–35 s 50 A
>35 s 0 A