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Table 5 Running speed (km/h) with mean ± SD for female and male East-African and Non-African marathoners

From: Male and female Ethiopian and Kenyan runners are the fastest and the youngest in both half and full marathon

  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Women         
 Ethiopia        18.64  
 Kenya       18.26   
 Austria 16.42 ± 1.62 18.32 ± 1.81 12.34 13.83 ± 5.78 12.36 ± 2.18 9.80 ± 0.21 12.65 ± 3.26 12.39 ± 2.43
 France 13.70 ± 4.13 13.77 ± 4.01 13.83 ± 4.05 13.72 ± 3.88 12.42 ± 3.98 13.38 ± 3.97 13.82 ± 4.43 13.27 ± 4.05
 Great Britain   10.50 ± 1.45 12.73 ± 4.45 13.14 ± 5.02 12.96 ± 3.95 13.46 ± 4.35 14.47 ± 4.58 12.72 ± 2.65
 Germany 11.68 ± 2.24 11.17 ± 2.63 13.90 ± 3.79 12.20 ± 3.77 12.63 ± 3.78 12.11 ± 3.34 13.04 ± 3.68 13.00 ± 3.60
 Italy 17.10 19.19 ± 0.52 19.64 ± 1.30 12.67 ± 5.70 11.93 ± 3.77 15.39 ± 4.39 12.06 ± 4.28 18.78 ± 1.77
 Japan 14.13 10.96 11.72 ± 5.02 7.88 ± 1.11 18.28 13.34 ± 4.69 14.27 ± 5.01 18.70
 Switzerland 14.46 ± 4.34 15.30 ± 4.19 14.74 ± 4.13 15.03 ± 4.06 15.60 ± 4.01 15.44 ± 4.09 15.08 ± 4.14 15.20 ± 4.12
 Canada     9.31 10.29 ± 5.82 8.00 ± 1.63 12.51 12.85 ± 7.29
 Liechtenstein   11.65 9.92 ± 2.39   16.05 ± 5.43   18.13 ± 1.01 19.75 ± 0.15
 USA   17.95     17.17 ± 4.07 13.92 ± 4.10 9.85 ± 1.43
 Belgium 10.77     19.87 ± 0.49 10.95 ± 0.37 11.65 ± 1.62 10.90 ± 0.79
 Spain        12.48  
 Poland     11.24 ± 0.64 8.85    
Men         
 Ethiopia    17.47 ± 2.28      
 Kenya   18.81 17.95 ± 1.44   17.61 ± 1.97 17.43 ± 1.62 17.28  
 Austria    12.66 ± 0.09 9.10 19.37 16.18 14.40 ± 7.02 15.59 ± 5.27
 France 14.08 ± 4.06 13.47 ± 3.67 13.17 ± 3.75 13.17 ± 3.30 13.28 ± 3.79 13.41 ± 3.84 13.50 ± 3.89 12.87 ± 3.48
 Great Britain 9.27 ± 0.96 12.54 ± 3.61 12.01 ± 3.57 15.21 ± 2.94 15.02 ± 4.05 14.08 ± 3.79 14.15 ± 4.51 13.26 ± 3.82
 Germany 12.51 ± 3.32 13.02 ± 3.78 12.67 ± 3.28 12.60 ± 3.48 12.89 ± 3.70 13.00 ± 3.66 12.49 ± 3.55 12.89 ± 3.65
 Italy 16.23 ± 4.37 12.51 ± 3.77 12.85 ± 2.99 12.49 ± 4.01 12.50 ± 3.24 14.23 ± 4.04 13.66 ± 3.90 15.14 ± 3.86
 Japan 15.09 14.42 12.84 ± 5.70 11.47 11.45 ± 3.85 11.09 ± 4.17 12.92 ± 4.63 11.53 ± 3.41
 Switzerland 14.41 ± 3.99 14.84 ± 4.09 14.73 ± 4.07 14.77 ± 4.09 14.93 ± 4.11 14.71 ± 4.08 14.76 ± 4.04 14.83 ± 4.06
 Canada 14.00 ± 0.72 18.98 12.22 ± 4.96 12.37 ± 4.83 10.50 ± 3.91 10.90 ± 3.36 11.12 ± 4.09 13.14 ± 4.06
 Liechtenstein    18.70 17.56 ± 1.45 19.11 ± 1.21 15.41 ± 4.16 17.42 ± 3.08 17.80 ± 1.43
 USA 12.39 ± 3.85 10.79 ± 1.55 11.25 ± 3.38 13.62 ± 3.72 12.12 ± 3.55 12.65 ± 4.21 12.14 ± 3.48 12.86 ± 4.29
 Belgium   12.23   14.97 ± 5.32 14.80 ± 4.67 13.65 ± 4.98 12.71 ± 4.02 12.70 ± 3.91
 Spain   13.08 19.33 18.87 ± 1.06 13.90 ± 5.05 12.63 ± 2.21 13.37 ± 4.71 14.10 ± 2.28
 Poland   10.07   11.65 ± 1.73 9.05 10.36 ± 2.31 9.73 17.70 ± 2.29
  1. Data for Non-African runners are sorted in order of the number of finishers of each country
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Women         
 Ethiopia      18.78 19.24   
 Kenya      18.49    
 Austria 11.84 ± 2.64 12.88 ± 3.92 12.48 ± 1.87 14.49 ± 4.76 11.09 ± 1.30 13.21 ± 3.31 11.29 ± 2.23 11.40 ± 2.61
 France 13.09 ± 3.75 14.14 ± 4.36 13.60 ± 4.05 13.04 ± 3.72 13.37 ± 3.81 13.48 ± 3.89 14.01 ± 3.65 13.47 ± 4.22
 Great Britain 14.06 ± 4.43 12.85 ± 4.03 13.15 ± 0.79 13.31 ± 4.35 14.81 ± 4.85 11.46 ± 5.80 14.10 ± 3.80 12.67 ± 3.57
 Germany 13.71 ± 3.85 12.97 ± 3.48 12.89 ± 3.93 13.47 ± 4.39 12.81 ± 3.56 13.24 ± 3.62 13.45 ± 4.25 12.94 ± 3.87
 Italy 16.34 ± 3.92 17.44 ± 3.70 12.78 ± 3.09 18.82 ± 1.04 17.47 ± 1.84 16.90 ± 4.52 18.56 ± 0.80 16.05 ± 4.56
 Japan 13.33 ± 4.01 14.24 ± 4.74 19.90 13.66 ± 1.15 11.80 ± 4.36 18.00 ± 0.39 18.49 ± 0.20 19.47 ± 1.09
 Switzerland 15.20 ± 4.07 14.90 ± 4.16 15.21 ± 4.08 14.98 ± 4.27 15.03 ± 4.09 14.72 ± 4.14 15.24 ± 4.14 14.76 ± 4.02
 Canada 17.99 18.53 ± 0.86 14.73 ± 6.33 9.44 ± 1.67 12.47 ± 3.63 8.06 ± 2.00 12.10 ± 3.62 11.97 ± 6.90
 Liechtenstein 18.78 ± 0.79 18.31 ± 2.04 16.96 ± 4.11 12.09 16.55 16.95 ± 3.38   18.56 ± 0.24
 USA 12.12 ± 4.17 13.84 ± 3.76 10.03 ± 0.19 9.39 ± 0.59 10.36 ± 1.59 15.87   12.08 ± 5.31
 Belgium 11.66 9.07   13.07 9.30    
 Spain 17.96 ± 1.64 10.75 12.95 ± 1.50   11.79 ± 1.48 12.19 ± 0.21 19.09 12.79 ± 1.39
 Poland    12.25 10.67 11.69 ± 0.57 18.01 ± 0.67 15.50 ± 3.96 12.10 ± 1.93
Men         
 Ethiopia 15.67 ± 3.28 16.26 17.34 ± 1.61 15.87 ± 0.21 15.13   15.91 ± 1.04 15.18
 Kenya 16.88 ± 2.65 18.43 ± 0.25 18.50 ± 0.19 18.10 ± 0.58 17.49 ± 0.47 17.96 18.15 ± 1.28 17.47 ± 1.68
 Austria 17.87 ± 0.91 15.28 ± 5.19   10.60    20.29 12.44 ± 3.74
 France 13.12 ± 3.79 13.69 ± 4.00 13.61 ± 3.96 13.21 ± 3.77 13.21 ± 3.67 13.21 ± 3.86 13.34 ± 3.66 13.70 ± 3.82
 Great Britain 13.08 ± 4.04 13.28 ± 4.01 12.66 ± 3.74 13.39 ± 3.95 12.97 ± 3.97 12.64 ± 3.82 13.63 ± 3.90 12.48 ± 3.49
 Germany 13.05 ± 3.77 12.64 ± 3.50 12.93 ± 3.62 13.07 ± 3.80 12.98 ± 3.69 13.07 ± 3.70 13.07 ± 3.54 13.27 ± 3.93
 Italy 14.54 ± 4.07 15.13 ± 4.17 14.34 ± 4.05 12.79 ± 3.71 12.93 ± 4.05 13.30 ± 4.03 13.40 ± 4.10 12.38 ± 3.35
 Japan 11.22 ± 2.74 12.79 ± 3.82 11.81 ± 4.02 10.66 ± 3.95 11.61 ± 4.59 11.73 ± 4.31 14.45 ± 5.00 12.46 ± 7.03
 Switzerland 14.78 ± 4.07 14.87 ± 4.09 14.77 ± 4.08 14.83 ± 4.11 14.87 ± 4.12 14.75 ± 4.01 14.89 ± 4.08 14.69 ± 4.07
 Canada 10.77 ± 3.77 11.27 ± 4.86 11.81 ± 5.97 10.40 ± 3.80 15.25 ± 4.45   15.17 ± 3.47 11.91 ± 3.81
 Liechtenstein 17.17 ± 4.41 14.70 ± 4.35 17.54 ± 3.04 14.28 ± 3.91 15.47 ± 3.96 17.08 ± 3.03 13.58 ± 2.56 12.86 ± 6.57
 USA 12.66 ± 4.14 13.53 ± 4.23 14.33 ± 4.11 13.08 ± 3.48 11.93 ± 3.60 12.98 ± 4.14 12.05 ± 4.83 13.13 ± 3.79
 Belgium 14.31 ± 3.42 15.03 ± 4.37 15.70 ± 3.87 14.64 ± 4.89 15.56 ± 4.04 15.47 ± 4.08 14.05 ± 4.00 13.10 ± 3.38
 Spain 15.98 ± 3.85 12.45 ± 4.53 15.46 ± 3.52 13.76 ± 4.25 15.59 ± 6.41 12.84 ± 3.40 15.76 ± 5.81 13.19 ± 3.71
 Poland 13.60 ± 5.11 12.51 ± 2.25 10.35 ± 1.28 10.29 ± 0.05 13.84 ± 3.37 13.04 ± 4.68 10.45 ± 0.69 11.93
  1. Data for Non-African runners are sorted in order of the number of finishers of each country