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Table 2 Descriptive data for GDDM of Vietnam and China’s G&T industry

From: A dynamic approach to assess international competitiveness of Vietnam’s garment and textile industry

Attributes Variables Proxies Vietnam China
Factor Conditions Domestic   0.74 2.65
   Basic factors Wage of G&T worker (USD/h) (2014)   
   Number of workers and laborers in G&T industry (million people) (2013) 2.5 23
   Labor productivity in G&T industry (shirts/worker/day) (2012) 7 16
   Advanced factors R&D expenditures (% of GDP) (2013) 1.48 2.08
  International    
   Advanced factors Manufacturing inward FDI flow (billion USD) (2013) 17.14 455.54
   Manufacturing outward FDI flow (billion USD) (2013) 1.96 71.97
Demand Conditions Domestic    
   Size Total population (million people) (2014) 90.7 1364.3
   GDP (billion USD) (2014) 186.2 10,360.1
   Employment rate (%) (2013) 76.0 68.0
   Sophistication GDP per capita (USD) (2014) 2052.3 7593.9
   Household rate of expenditure on G&T out of gross income (%) (2010) 3.19 6.96
   Educational index (2013) 0.51 0.61
  International    
   Size G&T Export value (billion USD) (2014) 26.18 287.59
   Average G&T export growth rate (%) (2012–2014) 16.17 6.20
Related and Supporting Industries Domestic    
   Supporting Industries Cotton output (1000 t) (2014–2015) 1.36 6532
   Yarn output (million ton) (2013) 0.72 32
   Supporting infrastructures Rail lines (total route—km) (2012) 2347 66,298
   Roads, paved (% of total roads) (2010) 47.6 60.9
   ICT index (2013) 4.09 4.64
  International    
   Supporting industries Cotton exports (1000 t) (2014) 0.00 16,000
   Yarn and Fabric exports (billion USD) (2013) 3.26 106.90
   Supporting infrastructures Container port traffics (TEU: 20 foot equivalent unit) (2013) 8,121,019 170,080,330
   Air transport (registered carrier departures worldwide) (2014) 144,630 3,356,756
Firm Strategy, Structure and Rivalry     
  Domestic    
   Rivalry Intensity of local competition (2013–2014 weighted average) 5.10 5.40
   Business context World Bank DTF point (2014) 64.42 62.58
  International    
   Rivalry Market share of the country in G&T global market (%) (2014) 3.16 34.69
   Business context Average import tariff rate faced by G&T industry (%) (2013) 12.4 12.8
  1. Source: Synthesized and calculated by authors
  2. Calculation of competitiveness index of each proxy was shown in Addition files 2, 3, 4, and 5
  3. Calculation of competitiveness index of the GDDM model was shown in Additional file 6