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Table 2 ERAS items used in the included studies

From: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program in liver surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Study Preoperative Perioperative Postoperative
Preoperative counseling Pre-operative feeding Symbiotics No bowel preparation No pre-medication Fluid restriction Perioperative high O2 concentrations Prevention of hypothermia Epidural anesthesia minimal invasive incisions No routine use of NG tubes No use of drains Early post-operative mobilization Early post-operative feeding No systemic morphine use Standard laxatives Early removal of urine catheter
He et al. (2015)      
Jones et al. (2013)   
Lu et al. (2014)      
Ni et al. (2013)