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Table 2 Evaluation of mean (±SD) energy-and protein intake, bodyweight and BMI, Albumin and GNRI and bioelectrical impedance analysis of geriatric patients at week 1 and week 36

From: The energy intake through regular nontherapeutic meals provision in long-term care: impact on nutritional status and related Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index

  Week 1 (N = 47) (mean ± SD) Week 36 (n = 47) (mean ± SD) p value1
Energy intake (kcal/d) 1204 (±238) 1002 (±283) 0.000*
 (kcal/kg/BW/d) 18.6 (±5.7) 15.9 (±5.4) 0.001*
Protein intake (g/d) 46.1 (±13.9) 36.0 (±12.0) 0.000*
 (g/kg/BW) 0.65 (±0.22) 0.55 (±0.19) 0.000*
Body weight (kg) 67.1 (±16.0) 65.1 (±16.8) 0.047*
Body height (cm) 160.7 (±7.3)   
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 (±5.4) 25.1 (±5.3) 0.048*
Albumin (g/dl/serum) 3.44 (±0.41) 3.32 (±0.51) 0.052
GNRI 91.9 (±6.8) 89.8 (8.3) 0.021*
Phase-angle (°) 3.32 (±0.73) 3.08 (±0.71) 0.018*
Lean body mass (%) 54.84 (±7.8) 57.4 (±7.85) 0.002*
Total body water (%) 48.2 (±7.2) 51.5 (±6.5) 0.000*
Body fat mass (%) 45.2 (±7.8) 42.3 (±7.9) 0.001*
  1. 1Significantly differences between means of completers of week 1 and week 36 were tested by using Wilcoxon-Rang-Test
  2. * Week 1 and week 36 = significantly different when p value <0.05