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Table 2 Association between a high pre-test likelihood for OSAHS and main chronic morbidities and multimorbidity

From: Assessing the risk of obstructive sleep apnoea–hypopnoea syndrome in elderly home care patients with chronic multimorbidity: a cross-sectional screening study

Chronic morbiditya Value Patients at high risk for OSAHS Unadjusted effectb Adjusted effectc
N Prevalence,  % OR (95 % CI) P value Adjusted OR (95 % CI) P value
Hypertension No 45 19.3 1    
  Yes 119 46.3 3.60 (2.40–5.41) <0.001 3.77 (2.48–5.73) <0.001
Obesity No 62 22.7 1    
  Yes 102 47.0 3.02 (2.05–4.45) <0.001 3.08 (2.06–4.62) <0.001
Cardiovascular disease No 99 31.1 1    
  Yes 65 37.8 1.34 (0.91–1.98) 0.136 1.30 (0.87–1.94) 0.198
Diabetes mellitus No 119 31.9 1    
  Yes 45 38.5 1.33 (0.87–2.05) 0.190 1.29 (0.84–2.00) 0.249
Mental health disorder No 140 32.6 1    
  Yes 24 39.3 1.34 (0.77–2.33) 0.299 1.40 (0.80–2.45) 0.243
Stroke No 152 32.6 1    
  Yes 12 50.0 2.07 (0.91–4.71) 0.078 1.88 (0.82–4.31) 0.133
Depression No 158 33.7 1    
  Yes 6 28.6 0.79 (0.30–2.07) 0.627 0.84 (0.32–2.22) 0.723
Number of chronic morbidities 0–1 30 16.9 1    
  2 53 38.4 3.06 (1.81–5.15)   3.13 (1.85–5.30)  
  ≥3 81 46.3 4.22 (2.58–6.91) <0.001 4.22 (2.55–6.96) <0.001
  1. OSAHS obstructive sleep apnoea–hypopnoea syndrome, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aTable reports most prevalent morbidities
  3. bBinary logistic regression
  4. cMultiple logistic regression model adjusting for age, sex and smoking status