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Table 1 Main characteristics of the 490 study participants

From: Assessing the risk of obstructive sleep apnoea–hypopnoea syndrome in elderly home care patients with chronic multimorbidity: a cross-sectional screening study

Characteristic n Prevalence (%) 95 % CI (%)
Male sex 248 50.6 46.2–55.0
Age (years)
 65–79 314 64.1 59.7–68.2
 ≥80 176 35.9 31.8–40.3
Smoking status    
 Current 44 9.0 6.7–11.9
 Former 138 28.2 24.3–32.3
 Never 308 62.9 58.5–67.0
Most prevalent chronic morbidities    
 Hypertension 257 52.4 48.0–56.9
 Obesity 217 44.3 39.9–48.7
 Cardiovascular diseasea 172 35.1 31.0–39.5
 Diabetes mellitus 117 23.9 20.3–27.9
 Mental health disorderb 61 12.4 9.8–15.7
 Stroke 24 4.9 3.3–7.2
 Depression 21 4.3 2.8–6.5
Number of chronic morbidities
 0–1 177 36.1 32.0–40.5
 2 138 28.2 24.3–32.3
 3 93 19.0 15.7–22.7
 ≥4 82 16.7 13.7–20.3
Screening assessment of sleep-related disorders
 Low pre-test risk for OSAHS 238 48.6 44.2–53.0
 High pre-test risk for OSAHS 164 33.5 29.4–37.8
 EDS 57 11.6 9.1–14.8
 EDS and high risk for OSAHS 42 8.6 6.4–11.4
  1. CI confidence interval, OSAHS obstructive sleep apnoea–hypopnoea syndrome, EDS excessive daytime sleepiness
  2. aIncludes congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and arrhythmias
  3. bIncludes anxiety, psychotic disorder and dementia