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Table 3 Mean scores on MRCES coaching strategies by group membership

From: Emotion socialization practices in Italian and Hong Kong-Chinese mothers

Variables M (SD) 95 % CI
LL UL
Expression encouraging
 Chinese groupa 4.3b (.55) 4.1 4.5
 Italian groupc 3.8d (.76) 3.6 3.9
Problem focused
 Chinese group 4.5e (.07) 4.4 4.6
 Italian group 4.0f (.07) 3.9 4.1
Reflection enhancing
 Chinese group 4.8 g (.08) 4.6 4.9
 Italian group 4.8 g (.07) 4.6 4.9
Emotion focused
 Chinese group 4.5 h (.08) 4.3 4.6
 Italian group 4.1i (.08) 3.9 4.2
Training responses
 Chinese group 4.9j (.06) 4.8 5.1
 Italian group 4.7 k (.06) 4.5 4.8
  1. Means that share the same subscript do not differ significantly
  2. CI confidence interval, LL lower limit, UL upper limit
  3. a n = 66, c n = 71