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Table 5 Effect of fraction of entomopathogenic fungi on the fecundity and hatchability of against Spodoptera litura

From: Efficacy of sub lethal concentration of entomopathogenic fungi on the feeding and reproduction of Spodoptera litura

Fungi Concentration (ppm) Eggs laid/batch Eggs hatched Pupa emerged Malformed pupa Adult emerged
Isaria fumosorosea Control 176.04 ± 0.049a 95.45 ± 0.106a 96.00 ± 0.047a 0.00a 92.00 ± 0.433a
1 167.97 ± 0.055b 94.61 ± 0.120b 76.00 ± 0.064b 4.00 ± 0.047b 72.00 ± 0.047b
2 124.33 ± 0.085c 87.09 ± 0.180c 72.00 ± 0.623c 4.00 ± 0.117c 68.00 ± 0.004c
3 84.03 ± 0.057d 42.00 ± 0.047d 28.00 ± 0.458d 12.00 ± 0.108d 16.00 ± 0.816d
4 67.03 ± 0.057e 40.29 ± 0.064e 24.00 ± 0.204e 12.00 ± 0.131e 12.00 ± 0.816e
CD at 0.01 0.049 0.028 0.079 0.353 0.101
CD at 0.05 0.034 0.019 0.056 0.248 0.071
Paecilomyces variotii Control 148 ± 0.020a 98.46 ± 0.080a 98.93 ± 0.016a 0.33 ± 0.471c 99.91 ± 0.115a
1 118 ± 0.612b 89.78 ± 0.128b 84.00 ± 0.081b 0.67 ± 0.471c 84.00 ± 0.084b
2 114 ± 0.122c 72.88 ± 0.080c 80.00 ± 0.151c 4.00 ± 0.365b 76.00 ± 0.426c
3 96 ± 0.188d 55.76 ± 0.166d 68.00 ± 0.147d 4.00 ± 1.247b 60.00 ± 0.204d
4 87 ± 0.069e 51.04 ± 0.376e 52.00 ± 0.440e 8.00 ± 0.081a 44.00 ± 0.382e
CD at 0.01 0.263 0.459 3.906 3.592 3.526
CD at 0.05 0.143 0.322 2.746 2.526 2.479
Beauveria bassiana Control 149 ± 0.131a 92.61 ± 0.201a 99.91 ± 0.115a 4.00 ± 0.540c 96.00 ± 0.358a
1 136 ± 0.099b 86.76 ± 0.147b 92.00 ± 0.092b 4.00 ± 0.071c 88.00 ± 0.128b
2 118 ± 0.184c 76.27 ± 0.257c 84.00 ± 0.154c 4.00 ± 0.094c 80.00 ± 0.154c
3 96 ± 0.062d 56.25 ± 0.277d 48.00 ± 0.540d 18.00 ± 0.108a 40.00 ± 0.104d
4 84 ± 0.201e 32.54 ± 0.148e 32.00 ± 0.071e 12.00 ± 0.530b 20.00 ± 0.157e
CD at 0.01 0.331 0.529 0.484 0.391 0.786
CD at 0.05 0.200 0.319 0.292 0.235 0.474
  1. Values are mean ± SD of three replication
  2. a,b,c,d CD critical difference values were significant at 0.01 and 0.05 % level