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Table 1 Body composition and cardiovascular data before and after the experimental period

From: Four weeks of regular static stretching reduces arterial stiffness in middle-aged men

Variables   Pre Post Two-way ANOVA
Group Time Interaction
No. C 8 - - - -
  I 8 -    
Age, y C 42 ± 3 - - - -
  I 45 ± 4 -    
Height, cm C 172.3 ± 2.0 172.0 ± 2.0 F = 0.014 F = 0.636 F = 4.302
  I 172.4 ± 1.8 172.5 ± 1.8 P = 0.908 P = 0.438 P = 0.057
Body weight, kg C 68.2 ± 2.5 68.5 ± 2.5 F = 0.171 F = 0.083 F = 2.870
  I 69.9 ± 2.2 69.5 ± 2.1 P = 0.685 P = 0.778 P = 0.112
Body mass index, kg/m2 C 23.0 ± 0.8 23.1 ± 0.8 F = 0.138 F = 0.115 F = 2.830
  I 23.6 ± 0.9 23.4 ± 0.8 P = 0.716 P = 0.740 P = 0.115
Body fat, % C 18.7 ± 1.3 18.6 ± 1.2 F = 1.007 F = 0.284 F = 0.339
  I 20.7 ± 2.2 21.3 ± 1.9 P = 0.333 P = 0.602 P = 0.570
Lean body mass, kg C 55.3 ± 1.3 55.5 ± 1.4 F = 0.087 F = 0.333 F = 1.471
  I 55.2 ± 1.6 54.5 ± 1.1 P = 0.772 P = 0.573 P = 0.245
HR, beats/min C 61 ± 2 59 ± 3 F = 0.772 F = 2.799 F = 0.465
  I 66 ± 6 62 ± 3 P = 0.394 P = 0.116 P = 0.507
Systolic BP, mmHg C 129 ± 5 133 ± 3 F = 3.713 F = 2.630 F = 0.006
  I 119 ± 4 123 ± 3 P = 0.075 P = 0.127 P = 0.940
Diastolic BP, mmHg C 84 ± 4 87 ± 4 F = 2.444 F = 1.362 F = 0.695
  I 78 ± 3 79 ± 2 P = 0.140 P = 0.263 P = 0.419
Mean BP, mmHg C 99 ± 4 102 ± 3 F = 2.601 F = 0.887 F = 2.016
  I 94 ± 3 93 ± 2 P = 0.129 P = 0.362 P = 0.178
Pulse pressure, mmHg C 44 ± 3 46 ± 2 F = 0.509 F = 2.215 F = 0.181
  I 41 ± 3 44 ± 3 P = 0.487 P = 0.159 P = 0.677
Handgrip strength, kg C 45.3 ± 1.8 44.6 ± 1.6 F = 0.217 F < 0.001 F = 0.521
  I 43.6 ± 2.0 44.3 ± 1.1 P = 0.648 P = 0.986 P = 0.482
Handgrip strength, N/kg C 6.5 ± 0.2 6.4 ± 0.3 F = 1.032 F = 0.059 F = 1.087
  I 6.1 ± 0.2 6.3 ± 0.2 P = 0.327 P = 0.812 P = 0.315
  1. C Control group, I Intervention group, HR Heart rate, BP blood pressure, Pre before experiment, Post after experiment. Data are means ± SEM
  2. No parameters significantly changed in either group after experimental period