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Table 3 Predictors of mortality at 30 days after acute stroke

From: Early mortality and functional outcome after acute stroke in Uganda: prospective study with 30 day follow-up

Variable Dead n/N (%) Unadjusted HR 95 % CI P value Adjusted HR
95 % CI
P value
Sex
 Male 13/59 (22.0) 1    
 Female 21/68 (30.9) 1.6 (0.7–3.6) 0.263   
Age group (years)
 <51 7/38 (18.4) 1   1  
 51–60 4/26 (15.4) 0.8 (0.2–3.1) 0.752 1.4 (0.2–7.7) 0.713
 61–70 7/26 (26.9) 1.6 (0.5–5.4) 0.421 1.4 (0.3–6.3) 0.660
 ≥71 16/37 (43.2) 3.4 (1.2–9.6) 0.023 3.8 (0.9–15.7) 0.069
History of stroke/TIA
 No 7/35 (20.0) 1    
 Yes 27/90 (30.0) 1.7 (0.7–4.4) 0.263   
 Don’t know 0/2 (0) N/A    
History of hypertension
 No 13/49 (26.5) 1    
 Yes 21/78 (26.9) 1.02 (0.5–2.2) 0.961   
Febrile (≥37.5 °C)
 No 27/118 (22.9) 1    
 Yes 7/9 (77.8) 11.8 (2.3–60.1) 0.003   
Hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg)
 No 11/30 (36.7) 1   1  
 Yes 23/97 (23.7) 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 0.165 0.4 (0.1–1.3) 0.135
Initial level of consciousness
 GCS ≥9 21/104 (20.2) 1   1  
 GCS <9 13/23 (56.5) 5.1 (1.9–13.3) 0.001 4.4 (1.2–16.9) 0.029
Stroke severity at admission
 Mild–Moderate (30–58) 1/45 (2.2) 1   1  
 Severe (15–29) 13/43 (30.2) 19.1 (2.4–153.6) 0.006 15.3 (1.7–136) 0.014
 Very severe (0–14) 20/39 (51.3) 46.3 (5.8–370.4) <0.0001 25.5 (2.7–238) 0.004
Fasting blood sugar
 Normal 9/65 (13.9) 1   1  
 IGT 8/26 (30.8) 2.7 (0.9–8.2) 0.067 2.2 (0.6–8.1) 0.249
 High 17/36 (47.2) 5.6 (2.1–14.6) <0.0001 3.7 (1.1–12.4) 0.031
Stroke subtype
 Ischemic 23/88 (26.1) 1   1  
 Hemorrhagic 11/39 (28.2) 0.9 (0.4–2.0) 0.808 1.8 (0.6–5.7) 0.294