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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the analysis population

From: Chronic hyperglycemia increases the risk of lateral epicondylitis: the Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcome in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS)

  All subjects (n = 2,425) Excluded subjects (n = 648) Analyzed subjects (n = 1,777) P value
Age (years)
 40–59 370 (15.3) 114 (17.6) 256 (14.4) <0.001
 60–69 847 (34.9) 172 (26.5) 675 (38.0)
 ≥70 1,208 (49.8) 362 (55.9) 846 (47.6)
Sex
 Male 985 (40.6) 211 (32.6) 774 (43.6) <0.001
 Female 1,440 (59.4) 437 (67.4) 1,003 (56.4)
Occupational categories
 No occupation 1,430 (59.0) 401 (61.9) 1,029 (57.9)  
 Nonmanual 134 (5.5) 33 (5.1) 101 (5.7) 0.059
 Service 250 (10.3) 63 (9.7) 187 (10.5)
 Manual 426 (17.6) 93 (14.4) 333 (18.7)
 Other 185 (7.6) 58 (9.0) 127 (7.1)
Smoking status
 Never 1,578 (65.2) 463 (71.9) 1,115 (62.7) <0.001
 Past 587 (24.2) 127 (19.7) 460 (25.9)
 Current 256 (10.6) 54 (8.4) 202 (11.4)
Alcohol consumption
 Never 770 (32.1) 222 (35.6) 548 (30.8) <0.001
 Every day 559 (23.3) 108 (17.3) 451 (25.4)
 Sometimes 454 (18.9) 122 (19.6) 332 (18.7)
 Rarely 617 (25.7) 171 (27.5) 446 (25.1)
BMI (kg/m2)
 <25 1,134 (63.2) 220 (63.2) 1,124 (63.3) 0.990
 ≥25 781 (36.8) 128 (36.8) 653 (36.7)
Past medical history
 Hypertension
  No 1,234 (51.6) 332 (54.0) 902 (50.8) 0.168
  Yes 1,158 (48.4) 283 (46.0) 875 (49.2)
 Cerebrovascular disease
  No 2,277 (95.4) 583 (95.6) 1,694 (95.3) 0.804
  Yes 110 (4.6) 27 (4.4) 83 (4.7)
 Cardiac disease
  No 2,186 (91.5) 563 (91.8) 1,623 (91.3) 0.697
  Yes 204 (8.5) 50 (8.2) 154 (8.7)
 Hyperlipidemia
  No 1,653 (69.3) 433 (71.0) 1,220 (68.7) 0.282
  Yes 734 (30.8) 177 (29.0) 557 (31.3)
 Diabetic disease
  No 2,191 (91.9) 564 (92.8) 1,627 (91.6) 0.348
  Yes 194 (8.1) 44 (7.2) 150 (8.4)
Subjective outcome, mean (SD)
 The QuickDASH 8.9 (11.4) 9.7 (11.9) 8.7 (11.2) 0.046
 SF-12
  PCS 31.9 (12.2) 30.8 (12.1) 32.2 (12.2) 0.030
  MCS 45.8 (8.9) 45.9 (8.3) 45.8 (9.1) 0.892
  1. Values represent n (%) of subjects.
  2. BMI body mass index, DASH disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand, SF-12 short form 12, PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary, SD standard deviation.