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Table 4 Average vitamins content and their individual scores of edible wild mushrooms

From: Comparative nutrient composition of selected wild edible mushrooms from two agro-ecological zones, Uganda

Mushroom species AE Thiamin (mg/100 g) IVS Riboflavin (mg/100 g) IVS Niacin (mg/100 g) IVS Folic acid (μg/100 g) IVS β-carotene (μg/g) IVS α-Tocopherol (μg/100 g) IVS Vitamin C (mg/100 g) IVS
Polyporus tenuiculus H 0.94 (0.02)a 63 0.09 (0.02)a 5 6.95 (0.3)a 35 158.5 (2.1)a 40 14.7 (0.04)a 4.8 mg/dayA 0.43 (0.02)a 4 18.1 (0.4)b 24
Sh 0.35 (0.01)b 23 0.07 (0.01)b 4 3.86 (0.04)b 19 99 (1.41)b 25 13.6 (0.22)a 0.44 (0.1)a 4 13.1 (0.5)a 18
Termitomyces microcarpus H 0.17 (0.01)c 12 0.06 (0.01)c 4 3.46 (0.01)b 17 120 (0.00)c 30 16.6 (0.02)b 0.46 (0.01)a 5 13.57 (0.1)a 18
Sh 0.79 (0.01)d 5 0.06 (0.03)c 4 5.29 (0.01)c 26 160 (1.4)a 40 17.4 (0.25)b 0.51 (0.24)a 5 14.07(0.1)a 19
Termitomyces tyleranus H 0.35 (0.00)b 23 0.07 (0.01)a 4 7.31 (0.01)b 37 70(0.00)c 18 15.0 (0.00)a 0.52 (0.02)a 5 14.37 (0.1)a 19
Sh 0.18 (0.02)c 12 0.09 (0.00)b 5 2.15 (0.00)d 11 120 (0.71)a 30 14 (0.17)a 0.51 (0.01)a 5 14.57 (0.1)a 19
Termitomyces clypeatus H 0.19 (0.01)c 13 0.05 (0.03)c 3 7.3 (0.01)a 37 150 (0.04)a 38 12.6 (0.02)c 0.45 (0.00)a 5 15.1 (0.1)a 20
Sh 0.05 (0.8)d 4 0.06 (0.02)c 4 2.13 (0.01)d 11 380 (0.35)e 95 17.7 (0.01)a 0.45 (0.01)a 5 17.8 (0.02)b 24
Volvariella speciosa H 0.24 (0.04)e 16 0.06 (0.01)b 4 2.66 (0.13)c 13 159 (0.01)a 40 15.2 (0.04)b ND 0 11.05 (0.8)c 15
Sh 0.14 (0.01)f 9 0.08 (0.02)b 5 2.85 (0.02)c 14 87.1 (0.01)b 22 13.5 (0.34)a ND 0 21.40 (0.4)d 29
  1. Individual vitamin scores (IVS) of wild mushrooms were measured at recommended daily intake for physiological needs (FND 2003). >20% and below 100 score indicates high vitamin content in a serving; 10–19 score indicates good vitamin content in a serving; <10 indicates low vitamin content in a serving.
  2. Figures in parentheses are standard deviations of means.
  3. NB: Pantothenic acid (ng/g), biotin (ng/g) and vitamin B12 (µg/g) were not detected at their lowest concentration.
  4. IVS Individual Vitamin Scores, ND not detected, AE agro-ecological zone, Sh sub-humid, H humid.
  5. ARecommended daily intake for β-carotene not known.
  6. a,b,c,d Values with different superscripts within a row and between agro-ecological zones are significantly different (p < 0.05).