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Table 2 Anthropometrics, metabolic and hormonal, cardiopulmonary and autonomic parameters

From: Exercise training improves heart rate recovery in women with breast cancer

  Trained group (n = 25) P-value Control group (n = 26) P-value Differences in changes between groups
Baseline 1-year Baseline 1-year
Anthropometrics
 Waist circumference (cm) 94 ± 15 90 ± 13 0.005 94 ± 12 95 ± 12 0.88 <0.001
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.3 ± 5.2 26.6 ± 4.9 0.02 28.2 ± 4.8 28.3 ± 5.4 0.67 <0.001
Metabolic and hormonal profile
 Glycemia (mg/dl) 93.5 ± 12.5 92.8 ± 13 0.61 92.2 ± 15.5 90.6 ± 18.1 0.63 0.44
 Insulin (ng/ml) 7.8 ± 4.0 8.0 ± 5.0 0.74 8.2 ± 2.2 7.9 ± 3.1 0.71 0.88
 HOMA index 1.739 ± 1.403 1.822 ± 0.629 0.51 1.925 ± 0.908 1.825 ± 0.477 0.61 0.77
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 205 ± 34 200 ± 29 0.66 203 ± 32 210 ± 26 0.42 0.62
 LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 126 ± 35 122 ± 30 0.36 123 ± 29 126 ± 35 0.22 0.29
 HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 54.3 ± 11.6 55.5 ± 9.7 0.78 54.8 ± 12.7 50.1 ± 8.7 0.19 0.52
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 100 ± 43 108 ± 42 0.53 109 ± 52 119 ± 46 0.60 0.41
 Testosterone (nmol/l) 0.36 ± 0.36 0.40 ± 0.16 0.21 0.38 ± 0.26 0.33 ± 0.19 0.49 0.42
Cardiopulmonary parameters
 VO2peak (ml/kg/min) 12.6 ± 3.0 14.5 ± 3.3 <0.001 12.8 ± 2.5 12.6 ± 2.8 0.55 <0.001
 O2-pulse (ml/kg/min/beat-1) 6.2 ± 1.2 6.9 ± 1.2 <0.001 6.0 ± 1.4 6.2 ± 1.2 0.39 <0.001
 VE/VCO2slope 29.7 ± 4.4 30.9 ± 3.9 0.12 30.1 ± 3.8 31.3 ± 4.9 0.46 0.44
Autonomic function
 Heart rate recovery 17.6 ± 6.4 23.0 ± 8.3 <0.001 16.4 ± 7.7 17.4 ± 7.8 0.35 <0.001
  1. HOMA homeostatic assessment model, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, VE/VCO 2slope the minute ventilation-carbon dioxide production, VO 2peak peak oxygen consumption.