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Table 1 Pastoralist/agropastoralists perceptions of existence and direction of changes in overall climate, temperature and rainfall over the past 20 years in the Borana lowlands Ethiopia

From: Perception of climate change and its impact by smallholders in pastoral/agropastoral systems of Borana, South Ethiopia

Change category Overall perception Perception by age group in years Perception by production system
23-30 31-60 61-91 χ 2 test P value Pastoral Agropastoral χ 2 test P value
   % of respondents (n) % of respondents (n)
Changes in climate 96(459) 86(37) 97(311) 98(111) 0.00** 98(232) 96(227) 0.31ns
Increase in temperature 66(312) 46(20) 69(221) 63(71) 0.00** 68(162) 63(150) 0.41ns
Decrease in temperature 1(6) 0(0) 1(4) 2(2) 0.00** 1(1) 2(5) 0.15ns
More extremes in temperature 28(132) 37(16) 26(82) 30(34) 0.00** 28(67) 27(65) 0.59ns
Increase in rainfall 2(10) 0(0) 2(6) 4(4) 0.00** 0(0) 4(9) 0.03*
Decrease in rainfall 94(448) 86(37) 96(305) 94(106) 0.00** 97(230) 92(218) 0.00**
  1. Perceptions are subdivided by age and type of production system. Values are presented as a percentage of the group followed by number of respondents in brackets (overall N = 475)