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Table 5 Quality criteria and DQR values of fuel ELCD datasets

From: Background qualitative analysis of the European Reference Life Cycle Database (ELCD) energy datasets – part I: fuel datasets

Datasets Database DQI Score Short justification of DQI DQR
Diesel mix, Gasoline mix and Heavy fuel oil (1.0 wt.% S) at refinery ELCD TeR 1 Relevant primary and secondary data referred to EU27 1.08
GR 1 Very good modelling of EU27 share and market relevance
TiR 1 Ref year 2009, data from 2007 to 2009
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories, 96% of flows covered
P 1-2 Some data are calculated basing on technical descriptions
M 1 Cradle to grave process, EoL and infrastructure included
Ecoinvent TeR 2 Some transport distances refers to Swiss refineries 1.75
GR 2 Few countries not included
TiR 1-2 Ref year 2000, some data from ‘80s
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories and 100% of reference flows covered
P 2 Some oil extraction data from Africa are roughly estimated
M 2 EoL not modelled, infrastructure and allocation included
GEMIS TeR 3 Modelled by a generic plant, default distance values 3.50
GR 5 Not referred to any specific country
TiR 4 Ref year 2000, data from 1985 to 95
C 2 75% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 4 Estimated data from literature, assumptions not disclosed
M 3 EoL not comprised, Allocation not specified
E3 TeR 2 Modelled from JEC (2007) report assuming oil from middle east 2.67
GR 3 Extraction only from mid. east, representativeness of EU refinery system is not explained
TiR 2 Ref. year 2010, data coming from JEC (2007): 1996-2007
C 4 Less than 50% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 2 No info about emission factors
M 3 Cradle to gate system, EoL not included.
Kerosene/Jet A1 at refinery ELCD TeR 1 Relevant primary and secondary data referred to EU27 1.08
GR 1 Very good modelling of EU27 share and market relevance
TiR 1 Ref year 2009, data from 2007 to 2009
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories, 96% of flows covered
P 1-2 Some data are calculated basing on technical descriptions
M 1 Cradle to grave process, EoL and infrastructure included
Ecoinvent TeR 2 Some transport distances refers to Swiss refineries 1.75
GR 2 Few countries not included
TiR 1-2 Ref year 2000, some data from ‘80s
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories and 100% of reference flows covered
P 2 Some oil extraction data from Africa are roughly estimated
M 2 EoL not modelled, infrastructure and allocation included
GEMIS TeR 4 Modelled by a generic plant 3.83
GR 5 Referred to an Indian refinery
TiR 4 Ref year 2000, data from 1990 to 1996
C 2 75% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 4 Estimated data from literature, assumptions not disclosed
M 4 EoL not comprised. Allocation applied but not defined
Natural gas mix ELCD TeR 1 Relevant indigenous and import NG data referred to EU27. Supply is included 1.00
GR 1 Very good modelling of EU27 share and market relevance
TiR 1 Ref year 2009, data from 2007 to 2009
C 1 16 (100%) of impact categories, 98% of flows covered
P 1 European and World Statistics as sources
M 1 Cradle to grave process, EoL and infrastructure included
Ecoinvent TeR 1 Modelled regarding a European standard mix. Average distances 1.67
GR 2 Few countries not included
TiR 2 Ref year 2000, very few data does not cover time horizon
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories and 100% of reference flows covered
P 2 NG production data from environmental reports. Average data used for some countries
M 2 EoL not modelled, infrastructure and allocation included
GEMIS TeR 3 NG exploration focused on several countries. Distances as typical value 2.83
GR 3 Minor countries are not considered. EU-25 is considered in 2005
TiR 2 Ref year 2005, data from 1990 to 2006
C 2 75% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 4 Estimated data from literature, assumptions not disclosed
M 3 EoL not comprised. Allocation applied but not defined. Infrastructure is included. Not possible to identify different stages.
E3 TeR 3 Modelled from JEC (2007) report (EU mix). Supply from personal communications. Average distances. 3.58
GR 3 EU-27 is considered but not possible to identify each country share
TiR 3 Ref. year 2006, data coming from ‘90s
C 4 Less than 50% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 4 No info about emission factors, hypotheses and assumptions
M 4-5 Cradle to gate system, EoL not included, allocation not defined
DE: Rapeseed methyl ester (RME) ELCD TeR 2 Consideration of the whole process, except rapeseed and oil imports 2.20
GR 3 Modelling as region specific in Germany
TiR 2 Ref year 2010, data from 1996 to 2001
C 1 15 impact categories, 93% of flows covered
P n/a Flows come from literature, but no enough info for many processes
M 3 Cradle to grave process, EoL and infrastructure are not included
Ecoinvent TeR 2 Swiss transesterification plant in EU conditions. Not imported rapeseed or oil is considered 1.67
GR 3 German condition of farming. No imports are considered
TiR 1 Ref year 1996-2000, data from 1996 to 2010
C 1 16 (100%) impact categories and 100% of reference flows covered
P 1 Literature review, official sources of data and some primary data
M 2 EoL not modelled, infrastructure and market allocation included
GEMIS TeR 2 German conditions of transesterification. No info about type of plants and/or equipment. Not imports are included 2.33
GR 3 German condition of farming. No imports are considered
TiR 2 Ref year 2010, data from 1999 to 2010
C 2 75% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 3 Data come from literature review
M 2 EoL not comprised. Heat value allocation applied. Infrastructure is included. ILUC considered
E3 TeR 2 Production of rapeseed, oil and RME in EU are included, but no imports 3.00
GR 3 European conditions
TiR 3 Ref year 2010, data from 1995 to 2002
C 4 Less than 50% of impact categories, 90% of flows covered
P 3 Data come from literature review
M 3 Cradle to gate system, EoL not included, energy allocation included
  1. *n/a: not assessed due to lack of data.