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Table 2 Unique patients’ first treatment episode 2011: treatment occasions, gender, age, treatment duration, additional treatment occasions/patient, involuntary care, involuntary care by gender and ICD-10 principal diagnostic clusters in URMs and non-URMs respectively at the Child & Adolescent Psychiatry emergency unit in Malmö, Sweden

From: Overrepresentation of unaccompanied refugee minors in inpatient psychiatric care

Variables All patients URM non-URM URM vs. non-URM
N = 261 N = 56 N = 205 p-values
Treatment occasions 372 86 286 -
Gender F 149 (57.1%) F 3 (5.4%) F 146 (71.2%) p < 0.001
M 112 (42.9%) M 53 (94.6%) M 59 (28.8%)
Age, years (SD) 15.1 (1.8) 15.9 (1.5) 14.9 (1.8) p < 0.001
Treatment duration, days (SD) 8.7 (16.6) 6.2 (8.6) 9.4 (18.1) ns
Additional treatment occasions/patient 0.43 0.54 0.40 ns
Involuntary care 28 (10.7%) 11 (19.6%) 17 (8.3%) p = 0.026
Involuntary care by gender F 8 (5.4%) F 0 (0.0%) F 8 (5.5%) ns
M 20 (17.9%) M 11 (20.8%) M 9 (15.3%)
Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (F40-F48) 106 (40.6%) 43 (76.8%) 63 (30.7%) p < 0.001
Mood disorders (F30-F39) 74 (28.4%) 9 (16.1%) 65 (31.7%) ns
Behavioural and emotional disorders (F90-F98) 28 (10.7%) 1 (1.8%) 27 (13.2%) ns
Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (F50-F59) 13 (5.0%) 0 (0.0%) 13 (6.3%) ns
Mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use (F10-F19) 13 (5.0%) 2 (3.6%) 11 (5.4%) ns
Disorders of psychological development (F80-F89) 5 (1.9%) 0 (0.0%) 5 (2.4%) ns
Schizophrenia, schizotypal, and delusional disorders (F20-F29) 3 (1.1%) 0 (0.0%) 3 (1.5%) ns
Mental retardation (F70-F79) 2 (0.8%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.0%) ns
Symptoms and signs (R00-R99) & Factors influencing health status (Z00-Z99) 17 (6.5%) 1 (1.8%) 16 (7.8%) ns
  1. Standard deviation or percentage in brackets. F = Female, M = Male.