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Table 2 Values of serum variables before and after the intervention

From: Daily consumption of milk fat globule membrane plus habitual exercise improves physical performance in healthy middle-aged adults

   Placebo MFGM ANOVA (G × T)
P -value
Aspartate aminotransferase, IU/L baseline 24.5 ± 1.82 22.1 ± 0.98 0.591
5 weeks 25.1 ± 2.53 22.3 ± 0.77
10 weeks 24.1 ± 1.52 22.7 ± 1.06
Δ 10 weeks (%)a 1.0 ± 5.3 5.1 ± 5.0
Alanine aminotransferase, IU/L baseline 25.1 ± 4.33 20.1 ± 2.02 0.674
5 weeks 23.7 ± 4.49 18.8 ± 2.03
10 weeks 22.9 ± 2.79 19.7 ± 2.38
Δ 10 weeks (%)a - 0.1 ± 7.3 1.7 ± 6.6
Glucose, mg/dl baseline 93.3 ± 2.01 90.4 ± 2.13 0.827
5 weeks 93.4 ± 2.81 90.5 ± 2.21
10 weeks 90.4 ± 2.22 88.6 ± 1.96
Δ 10 weeks (%)a - 3.0 ± 1.8 - 1.8 ± 1.2
Triglyceride, mg/dl baseline 132 ± 12.7 104 ± 9.4 0.536
5 weeks 103 ± 10.2 89 ± 6.4
10 weeks 109 ± 10.9 95 ± 8.6
Δ 10 weeks (%)a - 12.3 ± 6.7 - 2.6 ± 8.9
Total cholesterol, mg/dl baseline 206 ± 9.2 219 ± 9.8 0.190
5 weeks 210 ± 10.8 221 ± 9.8
10 weeks 211 ± 9.9 212 ± 7.5
Δ 10 weeks (%)a 2.9 ± 2.3 - 2.0 ± 2.0
  1. MFGM, milk fat globule membrane; ANOVA, analysis of variance.
  2. Values are means ± SEM of 16 (placebo group [women, n = 7; men, n = 9]) and 19 (MFGM group [women, n = 11; men, n = 8]) subjects.
  3. aThe value is the percentage change from the baseline to 10 weeks. Repeated-measures ANOVA for the group-by-time interaction (G × T) during the interventional period.