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Table 2 DST subtests

From: Differences in neurocognitive aspects of dyslexia in Dutch and immigrant 6-7- and 8-9-years old children

DST factor Subtest names Description
Psycholinguistic Quotient (PLQ)
  Rapid naming Pictures The child has to name correct and as rapidly as possible the name of 50 pictures (5 different objects: chair, tree, duck, knife and bicycle)
  Rapid naming Letters The child has to name 50 letters as correctly and as rapidly as possible
  One-Minute Reading The child has to read 24 one syllable words, 24 two syllable words and 24 three syllable words as correctly and quickly as possible
  Two-Minutes Spelling The child has to spell as many as possible words in two Minutes as correctly and quickly as possible. The number of correctly spelled words in two minutes is the score of the test
  Nonsense Passage Reading The child has to read aloud, as correctly and quickly as possible a passage that have 10 nonsense words mixed into the sentences of real words
  Non-Word Reading The child has to read 24 one syllable non-words, 24 two syllable non-words and 24 three non-words as correctly and quickly as possible
  One-Minute Writing The child has to correctly copy a passage (length is age dependent) as quickly as possible
Memory function
  Phonemic Segmentation The child has to segment words into basic sounds and manipulate these words by delete a letter in a word (Segmentation 1) and switch the first letters of the first name and second name of Dutch famous persons (Phonemic Segmentation 2)
  Backward Digit Span Series of spoken digits are presented to the child. The Child has to repeat the sequence in backward order
Association
  Verbal Fluency In one minute, the child has to mention as many as names of words as possible starting with the letter S. The score is the number of correctly mentioned Dutch words
  Semantic Fluency In one minute, the child has to mention as many as names of animals as possible. The score is the number of animals mentioned