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Table 2 Summary of percentage, means and standard deviations for response of pre-service and in-service teacher in pre-survey

From: The perceptions of pre-service and in-service teachers regarding a project-based STEM approach to teaching science

    Strongly agree Agree Slightly agree Slightly disagree Disagree Strongly disagree M SD
1. I believe that design is an important element when teaching topics related to STEM subjects. P 32 68 - - - - 5.32 .48
I 62 33 5 - - - 5.57 .59
2. I incorporate a project-based teaching approach in some of my science lessons. P 16 68 16 - - - 5.04 .61
I 19 57 19 5 - - 4.90 .77
3. I am comfortable using a project-based teaching approach in my science lessons. P 20 48 32 - - - 4.92 .76
I 14 62 19 5 - - 4.86 .73
4. I believe that my students learn science better through a project-based teaching approach, as compared to frontal teaching. P 52 36 8 4 - - 5.36 .81
I 71 24 5 - - - 5.62 .59
5. I believe that all science topics that I have to teach can be taught through a project-based teaching approach. P 16 40 36 8 - - 4.64 .86
I 4 48 33 - 5 - 4.62 .86
6. I believe that a project-based teaching approach in science lessons can help my students to think creatively. P 64 36 - - - - 5.64 .49
I 71 24 5 - - - 5.62 .59
7. I believe that my students will be interested in learning science through a project-based teaching approach. P 48 52 - - - - 5.48 .51
I 71 24 5 - - - 5.62 .59
8. I believe that students will be motivated to learn science when they can see a link of learning science to other subjects. P 44 56 - - - - 5.44 .51
I 67 33 - - - - 5.62 .50
  1. *’P’ represents Pre-service Teacher; ‘I’ represents In-service Teacher.