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Table 1 Tools being used to address the research questions

From: The perceptions of pre-service and in-service teachers regarding a project-based STEM approach to teaching science

Research question Data capturing tools
1 i. Pre-post survey
ii. Interview question administered at the end of the workshop:
‘Reflecting on your own experience as a learner and as a teacher, what is your overall reaction to the approach shared in this workshop as compared to existing instructional methods?’
iii. Open question in Post survey:
‘What is your overall impression of the workshop?’
2 i. Post survey
ii. Interview question administered at the end of the workshop:
‘What particular benefits do you get while engaging in this workshop?’
iii. Open question in Post survey:-
‘What is your overall impression of the workshop?’
3 i. Interview question administered at the end of the workshop, and
ii. Open discussion in class
‘What particular challenges do you face while engaging in this workshop?’
4 i. Interview question administered at the end of the workshop, and
ii. Open discussion in class
‘In your opinion, what kind of challenges will you potentially face in implementing a STEM-PjBL approach in classroom? Please give your suggestion in order to overcome these challenges’.
5 i. Post survey, and
ii. Interview question administered at the end of the workshop
‘Would you like to recommend other teachers to apply a STEM-PjBL approach in teaching science in their own classes? Please give your reasons why you like to do so’.