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Table 4 Land cover changes in the post-mining landscape at different study periods

From: Land cover transformation in two post-mining landscapes subjected to different ages of reclamation since dumping of spoils

Type of land use changes 1988 - 1991 1995 - 1998 2000 - 2003
Nord Süd Nord Süd Nord Süd
Primary succession
Agricultural Land to Dry Grassland    14.28    
Agricultural Land to Grassland and Trees    5.46    
Dry Grassland to Dry Vegetation 22.93 6.74     
Dry Grassland to Grassland and Trees   5.99    31.01 24.37
Pioneer Grassland - Grassland and Trees   4.29    21.93 7.23
Pioneer Grassland to Dry Vegetation       16.33
Pioneer Grassland to Dry Grassland    53.54   52.33 31.62
Open Sand to Pioneer Grassland   78.13     
Wetland to Pioneer Grassland   25.69     
Dry Vegetation to Grassland and Trees 34.60     12.33  
Lake to Grassland and Trees 4.59      
Afforestation
Agricultural Land - Pine Afforestation     11.72   
Agricultural Land - Afforestation   6.51     
Agriculture Land to Deciduous Afforestation 4.55   5.04   10.13  
Dry Grassland to Afforestation   3.54     5.19
Dry Vegetation to Afforestation   12.49     
Afforestation to Pine Afforestation 23.81 97.05 15.69    49.68
Afforestation to Deciduous Afforestation 52.90   42.86    
Deciduous Afforestation to Pine Afforestation       30.18
Grassland and Trees to Pine Afforestation 26.78   5.79 21.57   15.79
Grassland and Trees to Deciduous Afforestation     6.40   
Reversed succession
Afforestation to Grassland and Trees      72.65 38.36
Deciduous Afforestation to Grassland and Trees      28.42 34.76
Dry Vegetation to Dry Grassland 37.37 29.00   37.33   
Dry Vegetation to Open Sand       2.53
Dry Vegetation to Agriculture Land 12.71     37.19  
Dry Grassland to Open Sand   0.67   2.23 6.21 3.83
Dry Grassland to Agriculture Land   3.16    32.04  
Pioneer Grassland to Dry Vegetation   3.52     
Pioneer Grassland to Open Sand     1.46   3.26
Afforestation to Agriculture Land 11.21      
Pine Afforestation to Grassland and Trees      6.58 2.91
Dry Grassland to Pioneer Grassland 34.13   17.38    
Grassland and Trees to Dry Grassland     19.45   
Grassland and Trees to Agriculture    17.79    
Grassland and Trees to Agriculture Land 22.34      
Lake formation
Dry Grassland to Lake   0.64 25.80 1.73 4.63 3.28
Dry Vegetation to Lake   6.18   2.23 7.5 5.07
Open sand to Lake   6.26 45.82 38.14   40.93
Pioneer Grassland to Lake   1.25   0.43 4.89 2.76
Wetland to Lake   7.80 88.25 35.27   65.61
Grassland and Trees to Lake    10.01   5.78  
Dry Grassland to Wetland     0.69   
Pioneer Grassland to Wetland     0.57   1.40
Agriculture Land to Wetland      1.20