Skip to main content

Table 6 Race times (s) of the finalists (mean ± SD) at the Olympic Games with correlation coefficient and effect size

From: Change of the age and performance of swimmers across World Championships and Olympic Games finals from 1992 to 2013 – a cross-sectional data analysis

Sex Stroke Distance 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 r-value Effect size
Women Freestyle 50 m 25.36 ± 0.33 25.36 ± 0.37 25.01 ± 0.47 24.96 ± 0.18 24.35 ± 0.28 24.44 ± 0.20 -0.94 31.33
  100 m 55.46 ± 0.67 55.37 ± 0.59 54.75 ± 0.62 54.57 ± 0.46 53.80 ± 0.49 53.54 ± 0.30 -0.98 98.01
  200 m 119.94 ± 1.43 119.95 ± 1.26 118.92 ± 0.48 118.69 ± 0.43 116.35 ± 1.34 116.26 ± 1.35 -0.94 31.33
  400 m 251.54 ± 3.05 250.00 ± 2.16 249.46 ± 2.55 248.05 ± 2.56 244.89 ± 2.66 244.14 ± 1.94 -0.98 98.00
  800 m 514.78 ± 5.40 514.89 ± 5.48 507.82 ± 5.74 509.05 ± 4.39 504.41 ± 5.69 502.84 ± 500 -0.95 38.00
  1500 m - - - - - -   
  Breaststroke 100 m 69.56 ± 1.05 69.02 ± 0.72 68.16 ± 0.92 67.54 ± 0.62 67.30 ± 0.99 66.60 ± 0.73 -0.99 198.0
  200 m 148.97 ± 2.05 147.73 ± 1.90 145.64 ± 1.04 145.48 ± 1.25 143.30 ± 1.63 142.37 ± 2.05 -0.99 198.0
  Backstroke 100 m 61.81 ± 0.77 62.20 ± 0.58 61.12 ± 0.58 61.07 ± 0.48 59.53 ± 0.43 59.13 ± 0.63 -0.93 26.57
  200 m 131.23 ± 2.21 132.69 ± 2.21 131.70 ± 1.98 130.69 ± 1.28 127.77 ± 1.54 127.21 ± 1.75 -0.86 12.28
  Butterfly 100 m 59.60 ± 0.92 59.89 ± 0.64 58.47 ± 0.91 58.54 ± 0.72 57.70 ± 0.60 57.10 ± 0.53 -0.95 38.00
  200 m 130.49 ± 1.76 130.46 ± 1.38 128.18 ± 1.60 128.58 ± 1.72 126.58 ± 1.43 126.15 ± 1.23 -0.95 38.00
  Medley 200 m 135.22 ± 2.56 135.59 ± 1.19 133.50 ± 1.48 133.24 ± 1.35 130.85 ± 1.72 130.08 ± 2.10 -0.96 48.00
  400 m 283.68 ± 6.18 283.47 ± 2.20 280.88 ± 4.73 280.99 ± 6.27 275.15 ± 4.84 273.35 ± 2.49 -0.94 31.33
Men Freestyle 50 m 22.38 ± 0.26 22.46 ± 0.23 22.18 ± 0.19 22.11 ± 0.15 21.56 ± 0.14 21.68 ± 0.20 -0.92 23.00
  100 m 49.58 ± 0.35 49.30 ± 0.42 48.94 ± 0.39 48.80 ± 0.46 47.77 ± 0.39 47.87 ± 0.29 -0.96 48.00
  200 m 108.19 ± 1.22 108.39 ± 0.49 107.43 ± 1.50 106.49 ± 1.38 105.81 ± 1.48 105.59 ± 1.44 -0.97 64.66
  400 m 227.82 ± 1.96 230.56 ± 2.03 226.21 ± 2.76 225.91 ± 2.26 223.71 ± 1.97 225.52 ± 3.12 -0.74 5.69
  800 m 481.20 ± 7.43 483.08 ± 5.20 477.99 ± 4.09 477.50 ± 4.23 473.01 ± 2.42 473.45 ± 5.12 -0.92 23.00
  1500 m 908.89 ± 15.84 910.29 ± 9.17 901.67 ± 10.15 898.04 ± 12.61 888.60 ± 8.47 887.69 ± 9.75 -0.96 48.00
  Breaststroke 100 m 61.92 ± 0.29 61.46 ± 0.53 61.25 ± 0.49 61.14 ± 0.75 59.63 ± 0.46 59.61 ± 0.711 -0.94 31.33
  200 m 132.83 ± 1.76 134.31 ± 1.27 132.84 ± 0.91 131.22 ± 0.85 129.44 ± 1.16 128.54 ± 0.84 -0.91 20.22
  Backstroke 100 m 55.12 ± 0.82 55.18 ± 0.51 54.85 ± 0.65 54.52 ± 0.35 53.27 ± 0.40 53.16 ± 0.50 -0.93 26.57
  200 m 119.59 ± 0.73 120.87 ± 3.07 118.42 ± 1.02 117.98 ± 1.52 115.54 ± 1.08 115.62 ± 1.80 -0.91 20.22
  Butterfly 100 m 53.82 ± 0.40 53.07 ± 0.44 52.53 ± 0.41 51.98 ± 0.57 51.23 ± 0.46 51.68 ± 0.28 -0.94 31.33
  200 m 118.56 ± 1.06 117.97 ± 0.80 116.68 ± 1.05 115.89 ± 1.17 113.85 ± 1.12 114.24 ± 1.01 -0.97 64.66
  Medley 200 m 121.90 ± 1.19 121.86 ± 1.60 121.12 ± 1.22 119.71 ± 1.62 117.88 ± 2.06 117.02 ± 1.83 -0.97 64.66
  400 m 258.46 ± 3.44 257.59 ± 2.29 256.73 ± 3.16 254.70 ± 4.37 250.54 ± 4.02 250.79 ± 3.25 -0.96 48.00