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Table 2 Studies investigating the age of peak swimming performance in men (yrs)

From: Change of the age and performance of swimmers across World Championships and Olympic Games finals from 1992 to 2013 – a cross-sectional data analysis

  Reference Freestyle Breaststroke Backstroke Butterfly Medley
  50 m 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1500 m 100 m 200 m 100 m 200 m 100 m 200 m 200 m 400 m
National Buhl et al. 2013b    21.4 20.3          21.1 20.8
Kollarz et al. 2013b* 22–23 22–23 21–22       21–22 21     
Rüst et al. 2014* 23 22.5 21.4 20.3 20.3 20.3         
Wolfrum et al. 2013 26–27 22–23 22–23     18–19 16–17       
Zingg et al. 2014c* 22 23 22         23 21   
International Allen et al. 2014 25.9 25.3 23.6 22.9   22.9 25.2 24.1 24.5 25.2 24.0 24.3 24.8 22.7
Buhl et al. 2013b    21.4 18.6          21.1 18.6
Kollarz et al. 2013b* 23–25 23–24 22–24       24 23     
Schulz and Curnow 1988*   21–22   19–20   19–21         
  Wolfrum et al. 2013 28–29 28–29 22–23     26–27 20–21       
  1. *Studies investigating the change in the age of peak swimming performance.