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Table 1 Studies investigating the age of peak swimming performance in women (yrs)

From: Change of the age and performance of swimmers across World Championships and Olympic Games finals from 1992 to 2013 – a cross-sectional data analysis

  Reference Freestyle Breaststroke Backstroke Butterfly Medley
  50 m 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1,500 m 100 m 200 m 100 m 200 m 100 m 200 m 200 m 400 m
National Buhl et al. 2013b    19.3 18.6          18.2 18.6
Kollarz et al. 2013b* 19–20 18–21 19–20       18–20 18     
Rüst et al. 2014* 18.9–20.4 19.1 19.3 18.7 18.5 18.1–25.0         
Wolfrum et al. 2013 20–21 20–21 20–21     18–19 18–19       
Zingg et al. 2014c* 19 18 20         18–20 18–20   
International Allen et al. 2014 26.1 24.2 22.3 22.3 21.9   22.2 23.7 22.6 21.9 23.1 22.0 21.7 21.4
Buhl et al. 2013b    19.3 20.3          18.2 20.8
Kollarz et al. 2013b* 20–25 20–24 19–21       21–22 19–21     
Schulz and Curnow 1988*   18–20   17–18 16          
  Wolfrum et al. 2013 26–27 24–25 22–23     22–23 22–23       
  1. *Studies investigating the change in the age of peak swimming performance.