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Table 4 Univariate analysis of variables to predict satisfaction with sclerotherapy

From: Percutaneous sclerotherapy for venous malformations in the extremities: clinical outcomes and predictors of patient satisfaction

Variables Satisfaction Non-satisfaction P value
Patient demographics    
Sex    0.051
  Male 11 0  
  Female 21 8  
Location of VM    0.333
  Upper extremity 14 2  
  Lower extremity 18 6  
Imaging variables    
Maximum diameter of VM    0.018
  <6.7 cm 19 1  
  ≥6.7 cm 13 7  
Margin on MRI    0.055
  Limited 16 1  
  Infiltrating 16 7  
Adjacent bone change    0.002
  Absent 26 2  
  Present 6 6  
Anatomical pattern of draining veins   0.361
  Type 1 19 3  
  Type 2 8 2  
  Type 3 5 3  
Procedure variables    
Session number of sclerotherapya   0.014
  <3 23 2  
  ≥3 9 6  
Sclerosants    0.32
  Polidocanol only 22 4  
  Other 10 4  
  1. aThe Kruskal-wallis test.