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Figure 2 | SpringerPlus

Figure 2

From: Percutaneous sclerotherapy for venous malformations in the extremities: clinical outcomes and predictors of patient satisfaction

Figure 2

A 12-year-old-female with symptoms of pain and swelling of the right calf. A. Radiograph of the right calf demonstrates phleboliths and cortical irregularity in the fibula. B. The coronal fat-saturated T2-weighted MR image before treatment shows a large and infiltrating mass adjacent to the fibula with diffuse marrow signal abnormality (arrows). C. Direct puncture phlebography reveals VM with dysmorphic veins and early venous return of the peroneal vein (Type 3). After sclerotherapy with ethanol, the patient had onset of temporary peroneal nerve paralysis. D. Although the lesion shows a decrease in thickness and signal intensity on MRI, the marrow signal abnormality (arrows) remains unchanged. She reported no change in symptoms and indicated dissatisfaction on the questionnaire.

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