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Table 5 Mean and (Standard Deviation) for the British and Asian trauma survivors with and without PTSD on appraisals associated with negative and trauma memories

From: An investigation of trauma-associated appraisals and posttraumatic stress disorder in British and Asian trauma survivors: the development of the Public and Communal Self Appraisals Measure (PCSAM)

  British Asian
PTSD No PTSD PTSD No PTSD
Pleasantness     
Negative 2.73 (1.94) 4.03 (1.85) 4.15 (2.52) 4.82 (2.54)
Trauma 2.07 (1.39) 3.81 (2.34) 2.84 (2.48) 4.39 (2.23)
Coping ability     
Negative 4.67 (2.50) 6.21 (2.00) 5.53 (2.39) 5.07 (1.56)
Trauma 2.80 (1.86) 5.33 (2.82) 2.79 (1.65) 5.04 (2.38)
Anticipated effort     
Negative 13.20 (3.55) 12.79 (3.14) 13.11 (3.77) 12.25 (3.22)
Trauma 15.73 (2.15) 14.85 (3.24) 15.11 (2.71) 12.14 (4.34)
Legitimacy     
Negative 7.27 (5.13) 6.39 (3.29) 7.47 (4.29) 8.82 (4.76)
Trauma 5.07 (3.90) 4.97 (3.62) 5.16 (3.64) 6.79 (4.32)
Norm/Self     
Negative 12.80 (4.13) 14.18 (2.97) 13.32 (3.81) 12.82 (3.27)
Trauma 13.26 (3.39) 14.70 (4.10) 12.74 (4.33) 13.61 (2.99)
Goal/Need     
Negative 21.00 (4.74) 20.61 (3.71) 19.47 (4.69) 18.82 (4.41)
Trauma 21.60 (3.70) 21.82 (4.23) 19.37 (5.84) 18.64 (5.13)
Attentional activity     
Negative 24.07 (4.56) 23.06 (3.68) 23.00 (5.40) 23.54 (5.36)
Trauma 24.67 (4.10) 25.52 (5.11) 20.05 (5.67) 24.29 (5.28)
Certainty     
Negative 25.67 (6.68) 23.91 (8.38) 23.95 (7.58) 23.00 (7.99)
Trauma 16.47 (9.19) 25.30 (7.54) 17.21 (8.59) 20.68 (8.59)
Responsibility     
Negative 20.47 (5.50) 24.09 (6.16) 19.95 (7.14) 21.32 (8.18)
Trauma 19.53 (7.41) 20.21 (7.61) 20.79 (5.69) 18.36 (6.86)
Perceived control     
Negative 21.73 (6.15) 23.33 (6.36) 19.26 (7.58) 20.14 (6.55)
Trauma 15.60 (6.94) 19.48 (5.38) 19.58 (6.53) 16.00 (7.78)
PTCI-Total 109.00 (40.82) 59.82 (22.91) 129.15 (33.54) 73.04 (28.46)
PTCI-Self 64.47 (25.22) 30.27 (10.80) 76.10 (23.47) 37.78 (18.09)
PTCI-World 30.13 (13.01) 20.52 (12.28) 35.55 (10.37) 24.56 (11.65)
  14.40 (7.43) 9.03 (4.93) 17.50 (6.97) 10.70 (6.47)
PTCI-Self blame     
PCSAM-Total 50.00 (17.23) 24.79 (10.34) 50.95 (10.05) 29.68 (11.98)
PCSAM-Public 16.87 (6.44) 5.64 (2.93) 14.32 (5.87) 7.64 (4.77)
PCSAM-Communal 22.13 (6.52) 12.64 (6.73) 21.58 (4.14 14.26 (7.45)
PCSAM-Beliefs 11.00 (6.81) 6.52 (3.32) 15.05 (5.95) 7.75 (3.91)
  1. Note: PTCI = Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory, PCSAM = Public and Communal Self Appraisal Measure.