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Table 4 Means and (standard deviations) for participant characteristics

From: An investigation of trauma-associated appraisals and posttraumatic stress disorder in British and Asian trauma survivors: the development of the Public and Communal Self Appraisals Measure (PCSAM)

  British Asian
PTSD No PTSD PTSD No PTSD
(n = 15) (n = 33) (n = 19) (n = 28)
Gender (n) Male = 7 Male = 18 Male = 4 Male = 10
Age (in years) 41.60 (12.40) 34.21 (8.30) 33.11 (10.06) 28.21 (8.83)
Years spent in UK 40.93 (12.44) 30.17 (8.45) 7.13 (10.99) 7.31 (10.01)
Task difficulty 5.80 (2.17) 4.39 (2.21) 4.45 (1.72) 4.57 (2.39)
English ability 9.00 (1.00) 8.58 (1.37) 6.47 (1.90) 6.96 (1.93)
Education (n) Secondary = 7, Degree = 6, Postgrad = 2 Secondary = 10, Degree = 14, Postgrad = 9 Secondary = 10, Degree = 2, Postgrad = 7 Secondary = 7, Degree = 8, Postgrad = 13
PCL 42.47 (6.99) 22.50 (4.85) 47.70 (12.35) 23.89 (8.23)
HSCL 35.33 (8.25) 20.73 (4.98) 32.74 (9.24) 23.45 (7.69)
Trauma type (n) Accident = 6 Accident = 18 Accident = 6 Accident = 13
Disaster = 1 Disaster = 3 Disaster = 6 Disaster = 6
Combat = 2 Combat = 6 Assault = 5 Combat = 1
Assault = 4 Assault = 5 Death = 2 Assault = 6
Death = 1 Death = 1   Death = 2
  1. Note: Secondary = Completed secondary school. Postgrad = Completed postgraduate degree. PCL = Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. HSCL = Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Disaster = Natural Disaster. Assault includes sexual and non-sexual. Death = witness sudden death.