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Table 2 Reconstruction α among early stage breast cancer female Medicare beneficiaries with a mastectomy (N = 17,958) from 2005-2009

From: The influence of race/ethnicity and place of service on breast reconstruction for Medicare beneficiaries with mastectomy

  Without reconstruction With reconstruction Total
Women's characteristics β N (%) N (%) N (column%)
Total 16,297 (90.7) 1,661 (9.3) 17,958 (100.0)
Age (years)    
  66-69 2,734 (16.8) 714 (43.0) 3,448 (19.2)
  70-74 3,828 (23.5) 574 (34.6) 4,402 (24.5)
  75-79 4,062 (24.9) 279 (16.8) 4,341 (24.2)
  80-84 3,345 (20.5) 65 (3.9) 3,410 (19.0)
  85+ 2,328 (14.3) 29 (1.7) 2,357 (13.1)
Race/ethnicity    
  Caucasian 13,882 (85.2) 1,522 (91.6) 15,404 (85.8)
  African American 1,402 (8.6) 82 (4.9) 1,484 (8.3)
  Other τ 1,013 (6.2) 57 (3.4) 1,070 (6.0)
  Urban/Rural    
  Urban 13,909 (85.4) 1,545 (93.0) 15,454 (86.1)
  Rural 2,385 (14.6) 116 (7.0) 2,501 (13.9)
Median income    
  Quartile 4 (> = $59,450) 3,731 (23.1) 717 (43.4) 4,448 (25.0)
  Quartile 3 ($44,000-$59,449) 4,020 (24.9) 441 (26.7) 4,461 (25.1)
  Quartile 2 ($33,750-43,999) 4,147 (25.7) 283 (17.1) 4,430 (24.9)
  Quartile 1 (<$33,750) 4,239 (26.3) 213 (12.9) 4,452 (25.0)
Stage at diagnosis    
  0 2,331 (14.3) 382 (23.0) 2,713 (15.1)
  I 6,959 (42.7) 730 (44.0) 7,689 (42.8)
  II 7,007 (43.0) 549 (33.0) 7,556 (42.1)
Comorbidities    
  0 9,504 (58.3) 1,217 (73.3) 10,721 (59.7)
  1 4,204 (25.8) 335 (20.2) 4,539 (25.3)
  2+ 2,589 (15.9) 109 (6.6) 2,698 (15.0)
Facility characteristics β    
Urban/Rural    
  Urban 13,733 (86.0) 1,596 (97.7) 15,329 (87.1)
  Rural 2,239 (14.0) 37 (2.3) 2,276 (12.9)
Teaching hospital    
  No 8,516 (52.5) 671 (40.6) 9,187 (51.4)
  Yes 7,710 (47.5) 981 (59.4) 8,691 (48.6)
NCI cancer center    
  No 15,765 (96.7) 1,536 (92.5) 17,301 (96.3)
  Yes 532 (3.3) 125 (7.5) 657 (3.7)
Cooperative oncology group    
  No 8,146 (50.0) 535 (32.2) 8,681 (48.3)
  Yes 8,151 (50.0) 1,126 (67.8) 9,277 (51.7)
Disproportionate share hospital    
  No 3,503 (21.7) 448 (27.1) 3,951 (22.2)
  Yes 12,634 (78.3) 1,203 (72.9) 13,837 (77.8)
Breast cancer surgery volume    
  Quartile 4 (36+) 3,987 (24.6) 687 (41.5) 4,674 (26.1)
  Quartile 3 (19-35) 4,129 (25.5) 444 (26.8) 4,576 (25.6)
  Quartile 2 (9-18) 4,296 (26.5) 314 (19.0) 4,610 (25.8)
  Quartile 1 (1-8) 3,815 (23.5) 210 (12.7) 4,025 (22.5)
  1. αReconstruction within 6 months of mastectomy.
  2. βMissing (N): Women's Urban/Rural (3); Median Income (167); Facility's Urban/Rural (353); Teaching Hospital (80); Disproportionate Share Hospital (170); Breast Cancer Surgery Volume (76).
  3. τOther includes Hispanic, Asian, Native American and Other.