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Table 2 Reported patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae

From: Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae

No, [ref] Year Sex, age Valve PMH Days of symptoms Source of infection Diagnostic method Valve surgery Outcome
1 [Killen et al. 1970] 1970 M, 24 Aortic NA 5 NA NA Yes Died
2 [Killen 1970] 1970 F, 51 Tricuspid NA 3 NA NA No Died
3 [Buyn 1990] 1982 F, 71 Mitral CHF NA Lung No vegetations No Cure
4 [Ugolini et al. 1986] 1986 M, 50 Aortic DM 5 Sinusitis Clinical suspicion No Cure
5 [Bruyn et al. 1990] 1990 F, 71 Mitral None 1 Lung Clinical suspicion No Cure
6 [Aguado et al. 1993] 1993 M, 53 Aortic NA NA Na NA Yes Cure
7 [Aguado et al. 1993, 1993] 1993 F, 74 Mitral None 1 Dental procedure TEE No Cure
8 [Cunningham and Sinha 1995] 1994 M, 63 Aortic + mitral Previous IE 14 - Clinical suspicion No Cure
9 [Lefort 2000] 1994 F, 80 Aortic + mitral Alcoholism DM 30 Unknown TEE Yes Cure
10 [Lefort et al. 2000] 1994 F, 79 Aortic + mitral None NA Lung No vegetation No Cure
11 [Lefort et al. 2000] 1995 M, 73 Aortic None 21 Lung TEE Yes Died
12 [Cunningham and Sinha 1995] 1995 M, 63 Mitral None 7 Unknown Clinical suspicion No Cure
13 [Lefort et al. 2000] 1996 M, 58 Mitral Alcoholism 46 Lung TEE No Died
14 [Collazos et al. 1996] 1996 F, 61 Mitral None 6 Unknown TEE No Cure
15 [Claes et al. 2000] 1999 F, 61 Aortic + mitral Atrial fib NA Lung TEE Yes Cure
16 [O'Brien et al. 2011] 2011 F, 63 Aortic Previous IE - - Roth spots + BCs No Cure
17 Present patient #1 2013 F, 80 Mitral None NA Unknown TEE No Cure
  1. Atrial Fib, atrial fibrillation; BC, blood cultures; CHF, congestive heart failure; DM, diabetes mellitus; NA: data not available; PMH, past medical history; Present 1/2, Present case 1/2; TEE, transesophageal echocardiogram; Valve, infected mechanical or biological prosthetic valve. Patient no. 2 had endocarditis from both Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae.