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Table 2 Unstandardized and standardized beta coefficients of key performance indicators of the health system in Alberta

From: Public assessment of key performance indicators of healthcare in a Canadian province: the effect of age and chronic health problems

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Variables b β b β b β
Chronic health problem status       
  No chronic problem (Ref)    
  Chronic without pain -0.175 (0.03) -0.114*** -0.165 (0.03) -0.107*** -0.067 (0.03) -0.044*
  Chronic pain -0.451 (0.08) -0.104*** -0.435 (0.08) -0.100*** -0.232 (0.08) -0.054**
Age       
  Non-seniors (Ref)    
  Seniors 0.238 (0.04) 0.114*** 0.248 (0.04) 0.119*** 0.130 (0.04) 0.063***
Sex       
  Male (Ref)     
  Female    -0.075 (0.03) -0.056* -0.096 (0.02) -0.072***
Education       
  Less than high-school (Ref)     
  Completed high-school    0.069 (0.05) 0.043 0.035 (0.04) 0.022
  Some post-secondary    0.037 (0.05) 0.020 -0.002 (0.05) -0.001
  Completed post-secondary    -0.001 (0.04) -0.001 -0.089 (0.04) -0.066*
Annual household income       
  Up to 29,999 (Ref)     
  $30,000 to $59,999    -0.029 (0.04) -0.020 -0.052 (0.04) -0.035
  $60,000 to $99,999    -0.018 (0.04) -0.012 -0.071 (0.04) -0.048
  $100,000+    -0.031 (0.04) -0.020 -0.094 (0.04) -0.060*
Living arrangement       
  Living alone (Ref)     
  Living with someone    0.068 (0.04) 0.036 0.057 (0.04) 0.030
Self-reported health status      0.049 (0.01) 0.074***
Days physical health not good       
  0 day (Ref)      
  1–7 days      -0.024 (0.03) -0.016
  8+ days      -0.129 (0.04) -0.065**
Days mental health not good       
  0 day (Ref)      
  1–7 days      -0.091 (0.03) -0.060***
  8+ days      -0.293 (0.04) -0.145***
Knowledge of available health services      0.177 (0.02) 0.213***
Personally received healthcare services       
  No (Ref)      
  Yes      0.063 (0.03) 0.039*
Constant   2.947***   2.921***   2.384***
Δ F   29.038***   2.377*   71.911***
R 2   0.030   0.036   0.119
Adj. R2   0.028   0.032   0.113
Δ R2    0.006*   0.044***
  1. Note: Weighted N = 2,870. Standard errors are in parentheses.
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p ≤ .001 (two-tailed tests).
  3. Ref = Reference category.