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Table 1 Subscales and items of the applied questionnaire on stigmatization towards adult ADHD

From: Stigmatization in teachers towards adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Subscale 1: Reliability and social functioning
1 Adults with ADHD care less about other’s problems.
2 Adults with ADHD are able to take care of a group of children in kindergarten.*
3 You cannot rely on adults with ADHD.
4 Adults with ADHD are self-focused and egoistic.
5 I would go on a date with someone with ADHD.*
6 Adults with ADHD have no problems in making friends.*
7 Adults with ADHD are less successful than adults without ADHD.
8 Adults with ADHD are able to lead a group of people.*
9 Under medication, adults with ADHD are less trustworthy.
Subscale 2: Malingering and misuse of medication
1 Many adults with ADHD simulate the symptoms.
2 Adults with ADHD misuse their medication (sell it to others, take too much…)
3 ADHD is invented by drug companies to make profit.
4 Many adults with ADHD exaggerate their symptoms in order to be medicated.
5 ADHD is a childhood disorder and not seen in adults.
6 Adults with ADHD lie more often than adults without ADHD.
7 Adults with ADHD have a lower IQ than adults without ADHD.
8 Many adults pretend to have ADHD just to get access to medication.
9 Adults with ADHD are less able to give advice.
Subscale 3: Ability to take responsibility
1 Adults with ADHD are bad parents and have problems with raising children.
2 I would mind if my investment advisor had ADHD.
3 I would not mind if a doctor who has ADHD treated me.*
4 If I had a business, I would not hire a person with an ADHD diagnosis.
5 I would mind if the teacher of my children had ADHD.
Subscale 4: Norm-violating and externalizing behavior
1 Adults with ADHD are more often involved in traffic errors.
2 I could tell when a person around me has ADHD.
3 Adults with ADHD act without thinking.
4 Adults with ADHD have a different sense of humor than adults without ADHD.
5 Adults with ADHD cannot deal with money.
Subscale 5: Consequences of diagnostic disclosure
1 People’s attitudes about ADHD make persons with ADHD feel worse about themselves.
2 Adults with ADHD are of lower social status.
3 As a rule, adults with ADHD feel that telling others that they have ADHD was a mistake.
4 Adults with ADHD have a lower self-esteem than adults without ADHD.
5 Adults with ADHD feel excluded from society.
Subscale 6: Etiology
1 1 ADHD is caused by bad parenthood.
2 Extensive exposure to video games and TV shows can cause ADHD.
3 Adults with ADHD do not engage enough in sports.
4 ADHD is a consequence of childhood trauma.
  1. * = inversed items.