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Table 3 Mean (and S.D. within parentheses) ratings of 15 virtues in 14 nations (1 = least important; 5 = most important), and means and rankings across 14 nations

From: Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?

Virtues Respect Courage Justice Faith Love Wisdom Moderate Joy Open Reliable Resolute Modesty Helpful Mercy Hope
Malaysia 4.32 3.10 3.98 4.42 3.78 2.85 2.98 2.85 2.63 3.21 2.31 3.24 3.27 2.65 2.21
N = 211 (.94) (1.23) (1.08) (1.12) (1.17) (1.32) (1.28) (1.28) (1.33) (1.33) (1.27) (1.30) (1.20) (1.17) (1.26)
Spain 4.72 2.60 4.25 2.16 4.16 3.40 2.51 3.82 2.20 2.49 2.34 2.81 3.28 2.38 2.71
N = 202 (.82) (1.15) (1.02) (1.32) (1.14) (1.07) (1.15) (1.07) (1.19) (1.15) (1.24) (1.20) (1.07) (1.20) (1.25)
Czechia 3.52 2.79 3.85 1.98 4.17 3.74 1.55 3.33 2.59 3.86 2.79 2.32 3.37 2.49 2.62
N = 231 (1.18) (1.34) (1.10) (1.30) (1.11) (1.25) (.91) (1.25) (1.26) (1.17) (1.30) (1.20) (1.18) (1.20) (1.30)
Netherlands 4.15 2.30 3.90 2.07 4.10 3.16 2.33 3.61 3.11 4.09 2.46 2.40 3.75 2.33 2.32
N = 371 (1.05) (1.13) (1.08) (1.49) (1.14) (1.24) (1.15) (1.22) (1.27) (.94) (1.22) (1.12) (1.13) (1.06) (1.13)
Great Britain 4.52 3.11 3.48 2.23 4.39 3.10 1.86 3.55 2.87 3.14 1.82 2.31 3.60 2.32 2.89
N = 149 (.77) (1.16) (1.21) (1.33) (1.02) (1.24) (1.05) (1.27) (1.33) (1.21) (1.01) (1.14) (1.12) (1.20) (1.22)
Austria 4.03 2.43 3.82 1.45 3.91 2.40 1.53 3.89 3.57 4.25 3.63 2.44 3.97 1.53 2.47
N = 276 (.98) (1.06) (1.03) (.87) (1.08) (1.17) (.77) (1.05) (1.09) (.94) (1.21) (1.07) (1.03 (.75) (.98)
Germany 4.15 2.41 3.88 1.65 3.88 3.13 2.19 3.92 3.76 3.68 2.80 2.40 3.63 1.62 2.56
N = 220 (1.11) (1.17) (1.06) (1.06) (1.16) (1.22) (1.22) (1.02) (1.07) (1.13) (1.22) (1.16) (1.13 (.84) (1.23)
Poland 4.26 2.15 3.70 2.07 4.30 4.08 2.12 3.56 3.62 2.88 2.83 1.95 2.85 1.96 2.04
N = 163 (.99) (1.15) (1.17) (1.21) (1.02) (1.12) (1.04) (1.29) (1.18) (1.17) (1.23) (1.00) (1.12) (1.16) (1.17)
Hong Kong 4.20 2.59 3.02 3.75 3.98 3.13 1.71 2.59 1.90 3.09 3.00 3.00 3.02 3.35 2.72
N = 101 (1.04) (1.22) (1.39) (1.16) (1.20) (1.45) (.95) (1.50) (1.17) (1.21) (1.17) (1.29) (1.26) (1.22) (1.38)
India 4.55 3.49 3.78 2.84 4.42 4.51 1.49 4.61 1.95 3.49 1.77 1.80 2.42 2.41 2.89
N = 152 (.51) (.93) (.73) (.70) (.54) (.58) (.55) (.52) (.77) (.60) (.70) (.70) (.69) (.70) (.63)
USA 3.97 3.19 3.11 3.34 3.98 3.28 2.38 3.11 2.95 2.92 2.30 2.37 2.79 2.61 2.89
N = 184 (1.25) (1.34) (1.31) (1.43) (1.20) (1.40) (1.24) (1.35) (.42) (1.34) (1.22) (1.31) (1.37) (1.34) (1.31)
Norway 4.17 2.74 4.16 1.94 4.27 3.24 2.38 3.86 3.88 3.98 2.72 3.52 3.72 3.24 2..95
N = 187 (1.11) (1.27) (.96) (1.22) (1.05) (1.23) (1.26) (1.18) (1.22) (1.15) (1.20) (1.29) (1.15) (1.33) (1.35)
France 4.66 3.01 3.57 3.81 3.82 3.14 1.57 3.19 4.13 2.45 2.51 2.31 2.58 1.76 2.58
N = 216 (.71) (1.09) (1.19) (.97) (1.16) (1.33) (.91) (1.35) (1.06) (1.18) (1.22) (1.17) (1.25) (.96) (1.29)
Mexico 4.63 2.60 3.80 2.53 4.07 3.48 2.01 3.81 2.77 2.55 2.97 2.32 3.12 2.16 2.41
N = 146 (.75) (1.23) (1.17) (1.37) (1.27) (1.19) (1.17) (1.25 (1.31) (1.20) (1.30) (1.21) (1.12) (1.15) (1.04)
Total 4.24 2.71 3.78 2.50 4.07 3.27 2.07 3.57 3.07 3.39 2.62 2.51 3.31 2.28 2.56
N = 2,009 (1.03) (1.23) (1.14) (1.50) (1.13) (1.31) (1.16) (1.27) (1.36) (1.28) (1.29) (1.24) (1.22) (1.20) (1.22)
Ranking 1 9 3 13 2 7 15 4 8 5 10 12 6 14 11