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Table 1 Characteristics of participants hospitalized for sepsis

From: Association of inflammatory and endothelial cell activation biomarkers with acute kidney injury after sepsis

Characteristic AKI No AKI p-value*
  (n = 41) (n = 174)  
Age    
 <50 1 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%) 0.21
 50–59 3 (7.3%) 26 (14.9%)
 60–69 14 (34.0%) 59 (33.9%)
 70–79 16 (39.0%) 59 (33.9%)
 ≥ 80 7 (17.0%) 30 (17.2%)
Sex    
 Male 20 (49.0%) 89 (51.2%) 0.79
 Female 21 (51.2%) 85 (48.9%)
Race    
 Black 15 (37.0%) 42 (24.1%) 0.10
 White 26 (63.0%) 132 (75.9%)
Income    
 <$20 k 14 (34.0%) 39 (22.4%) 0.29
 $20-34 k 12 (29.0%) 46 (26.4%)
 $35-74 k 10 (24.0%) 53 (30.5%)
 ≥$75 k 1 (2.4%) 19 (10.9%)
 Refused 4 (9.8%) 17 (9.8%)
Education    
 Less than High School 8 (20.0%) 31 (17.8%) 0.10
 High School Grad 10 (24.0%) 40 (23.0%)
 Some College 12 (29.0%) 57 (32.8%)
 College Grad 11 (27.0%) 46 (26.4%)  
Smoking    
 Never 15 (37.0%) 53 (30.5%) 0.50
 Past 17 (42.0%) 90 (51.7%)
 Current 9 (22.0%) 31 (17.8%)
Alcohol    
 None 23 (56.0%) 110 (63.2%) 0.33
 Moderate 15 (37.0%) 54 (31.0%)
 Heavy 1 (2.4%) 8 (4.6%)
 Missing 2 (4.9%) 2 (1.2%)
Hypertension    
 No 3 (7.3%) 45 (25.9%) 0.03
 Yes 38 (93.7%) 128 (73.6%)
 Missing 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.6%)
Coronary Heart Disease    
 No 26 (63.0%) 114 (65.5%) 0.74
 Yes 15 (37.0%) 58 (33.3%)
 Missing 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.2%)
Diabetes    
 No 23 (56.0%) 116 (66.7%) 0.20
 Yes 18 (44.0%) 58 (33.3%)
Hyperlipidemia    
 No 15 (37.0%) 48 (27.6%) 0.39
 Yes 26 (63.0%) 123 (70.7%)
 Missing 0 (0.0%) 3 (1.7%)
Baseline Renal Function (estimated glomerular filtration rate)    
 ≥90 mL/min per 1.73 m2 8 (19.5%) 45 (25.9%) 0.01
 60–89.9 13 (31.7%) 84 (48.3%)
 45–59.9 7 (17.1%) 25 (14.4%)
 <45 13 (31.7%) 19 (10.9%)
 Missing 0 (0.01%) 1 (0.6%)  
  1. Excludes individuals with a prior history of kidney transplant or end-stage renal disease, or individuals receiving only one creatinine measurement during hospitalization. *By Chi-square test. AKI = acute kidney injury.