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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics and Intra-Operative Medication Utilization

From: Dorsal penile nerve block for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy catheter related pain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

  Placebo penile block (n = 60) Bupivacaine penile block (n = 56) p-value
Baseline clinical characteristics    
Age (range) 60.8 (47-72) 61.2 (46-75) 0.78
BMI (range) 27.8 (18.8-40.0) 27.1 (20.1-38.5) 0.28
Diabetes (%) 4 (6.4%) 6 (10.3%) 0.74
PVD (%) 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.7%) 0.96
History of narcotics use (%) 0 (0%) 1 (3.1%) 0.48
PSA (range, ng/mL) 6.2 (0.9-24.0) 6.6 (0.9-25.7) 0.54
Operative time (mean ± SD, minutes) 186 ± 79 166 ± 80 0.18
Preoperative Gleason score    0.84
  6 19 (32%) 22 (39%)
  7 34 (58%) 28 (49%)
  ≥8 6 (10%) 7 (12%)
Intra-operative medications    
Opiates (mean ± SD, mg MED) 94.1 ± 39.6 89.3 ± 38.2 0.51
Ketorolac usage 38% 34% 0.63